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      Cryopreservation of Innervation, Endothelial and Vascular Smooth Muscle Function of a Rabbit Muscular and Resistance Artery

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          Abstract

          The extent of preservation of endothelial, neurogenic and vascular function following frozen storage was studied using the rabbit central ear artery and a resistance artery branch. Fresh and frozen-stored artery segments were placed in tissue baths containing a physiological buffer solution and attached to a wire myograph apparatus for measurement of isometric force. Responses to cumulative additions of norepinephrine, histamine, acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside were compared between fresh arteries and adjacent segments that had been stored frozen for 2–8 days at –70 °C. Responses to transmural nerve stimulation were measured in central ear artery segments that were fresh or stored frozen for 13–26 days. Large and small artery segments were frozen in ampules containing newborn calf serum and 1.8 Mdimethylsulfoxide used as a cryoprotective agent. Following frozen storage, the vascular sensitivity of large and resistance arteries to norepinephrine and histamine were unaltered although maximal contractile responses were significantly reduced. Agonist affinity (K<sub>A</sub> values) to norepinephrine was also unchanged following frozen storage of large artery segments. Constrictor responses to varied frequencies of transmural nerve stimulation were similar between fresh and frozen-stored large arteries, suggesting that adrenergic nerve function is well preserved. In resistance arteries, vascular sensitivity and maximal relaxation to acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside were unchanged. Similarly, relaxation of large arteries to sodium nitroprusside was well preserved. Although vascular sensitivity to acetylcholine was reduced in large arteries following frozen storage, much of the endothelial function was still preserved as indicated by only a 10% decrease in maximal relaxation. These results indicate that frozen storage of large and small artery segments preserves endothelial and vascular smooth muscle function as well as adrenergic neurotransmission.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1989
          1989
          23 September 2008
          : 26
          : 3
          : 157-164
          Affiliations
          Departments of Neurosurgery and Pharmacology, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vt., USA
          Article
          158764 Blood Vessels 1989;26:157–164
          10.1159/000158764
          © 1989 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Research Paper

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