+1 Recommend
0 collections
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Development and validation of a shoulder-specific body-perception questionnaire in people with persistent shoulder pain

      Read this article at

          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.



          There is evidence that people with persistent shoulder pain exhibit findings consistent with the presence of sensorimotor dysfunction. Sensorimotor impairments can manifest in a variety of ways, and further developing our understanding of sensorimotor dysfunction in shoulder pain may improve current models of care. The Fremantle Back Awareness Questionnaire (FreBAQ) has been developed to assess disturbed body perception specific to the back. The purpose of the present study was to develop a shoulder-specific self-perception questionnaire and evaluate the questionnaire in people with persistent shoulder pain.


          The Fremantle Shoulder Awareness Questionnaire (FreSHAQ-J) was developed by modifying the FreBAQ. One hundred and twelve consecutive people with persistent shoulder pain completed the FreSHAQ-J. Thirty participants completed the FreSHAQ-J again two-weeks later to assess test-retest reliability. Rasch analysis was used to assess the psychometric properties of the FreSHAQ-J. Associations between FreSHAQ-J total score and clinical status was explored using correlational analysis.


          The FreSHAQ-J has acceptable category order, unidimensionality, no misfitting items, and excellent test-retest reliability. The FreSHAQ-J was moderately correlated with disability and pain catastrophization.


          The FreSHAQ-J fits the Rasch measurement model well and is suitable for use with people with shoulder pain. Given the relationship between the FreSHAQ-J score and clinical status, change in body perception may be worth assessing when managing patients with shoulder pain.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 69

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Development of the QuickDASH: comparison of three item-reduction approaches.

          The purpose of this study was to develop a short, reliable, and valid measure of physical function and symptoms related to upper-limb musculoskeletal disorders by shortening the full, thirty-item DASH (Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand) Outcome Measure. Three item-reduction techniques were used on the cross-sectional field-testing data derived from a study of 407 patients with various upper-limb conditions. These techniques were the concept-retention method, the equidiscriminative item-total correlation, and the item response theory (Rasch modeling). Three eleven-item scales were created. Data from a longitudinal cohort study in which the DASH questionnaire was administered to 200 patients with shoulder and wrist/hand disorders were then used to assess the reliability (Cronbach alpha and test-retest reliability) and validity (cross-sectional and longitudinal construct) of the three scales. Results were compared with those derived with the full DASH. The three versions were comparable with regard to their measurement properties. All had a Cronbach alpha of > or = 0.92 and an intraclass correlation coefficient of > or = 0.94. Evidence of construct validity was established (r > or = 0.64 with single-item indices of pain and function). The concept-retention method, the most subjective of the approaches to item reduction, ranked highest in terms of its similarity to the original DASH. The concept-retention version is named the QuickDASH. It contains eleven items and is similar with regard to scores and properties to the full DASH. A comparison of item-reduction approaches suggested that the retention of clinically sensible and important content produced a comparable, if not slightly better, instrument than did more statistically driven approaches.
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            My Current Thoughts on Coefficient Alpha and Successor Procedures

              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Article: not found

              Sample size and item calibration stability


                Author and article information

                BMC Musculoskelet Disord
                BMC Musculoskelet Disord
                BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
                BioMed Central (London )
                21 January 2021
                21 January 2021
                : 22
                [1 ]GRID grid.412155.6, ISNI 0000 0001 0726 4429, Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health and Welfare, , Prefectural University of Hiroshima, ; 1-1, Gakuen-chou, Mihara, Hiroshima, 723-0053 Japan
                [2 ]Department of Rehabilitation, Machida Orthopaedics, Kochi, Japan
                [3 ]Department of Rehabilitation, Utsumi Orthopaedics Clinic, Kagawa, Japan
                [4 ]Department of Rehabilitation, Miura internal Medicine Michiko Pediatrics Clinic, Kagawa, Japan
                [5 ]Department of Nursing and Physical Therapy, Konan Woman’s University, Kobe, Hyogo Japan
                [6 ]GRID grid.266886.4, ISNI 0000 0004 0402 6494, The School of Physiotherapy, , The University of Notre Dame Australia, ; Fremantle, WA Australia
                [7 ]GRID grid.1026.5, ISNI 0000 0000 8994 5086, Innovation, Implementation and Clinical Translation in Health (IIMPACT in Health), , University of South Australia, ; Adelaide, SA Australia
                [8 ]GRID grid.250407.4, ISNI 0000 0000 8900 8842, Neuroscience Research Australia, ; Sydney, NSW Australia
                © The Author(s) 2021

                Open AccessThis article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.

                Funded by: Canadian Institute for Health Research
                Award ID: 223354
                Award Recipient :
                Funded by: National Health & Medical Research
                Award ID: 1054041
                Award Recipient :
                Funded by: National Health $ Medical Research
                Award ID: 1061279
                Award Recipient :
                Research Article
                Custom metadata
                © The Author(s) 2021


                validity, reliability, rasch analysis, body perception, shoulder pain


                Comment on this article