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      Inhibition of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-mediated glucose metabolism coincides with resveratrol-induced cell cycle arrest in human diffuse large B-cell lymphomas.

      Biochemical Pharmacology

      pharmacology, Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic, Stilbenes, metabolism, antagonists & inhibitors, Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases, Morpholines, pathology, Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse, Humans, drug effects, Glycolysis, Glucose, Enzyme Inhibitors, Chromones, Cell Line, Tumor, Cell Cycle

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          An abnormally high rate of aerobic glycolysis is characteristic of many transformed cells. Here we report the polyphenolic compound, resveratrol, inhibited phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI-3K) signaling and glucose metabolism, coinciding with cell-cycle arrest, in germinal center (GC)-like LY1 and LY18 human diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs). Specifically, resveratrol inhibited the phosphorylation of Akt, p70 S6K, and S6 ribosomal protein on activation residues. Biochemical analyses and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy identified glycolysis as the primary glucose catabolic pathway in LY18 cells. Treatment with the glycolytic inhibitor 2-deoxy-D-glucose, resulted in accumulation of LY18 cells in G0/G1 -phase, underscoring the biological significance of glycolysis in growth. Glycolytic flux was inhibited by the PI-3K inhibitor LY294002, suggesting a requirement for PI-3K activity in glucose catabolism. Importantly, resveratrol treatment resulted in inhibition of glycolysis. Decreased glycolytic flux corresponded to a parallel reduction in the expression of several mRNAs encoding rate-limiting glycolytic enzymes. These results are the first to identify as a mechanism underlying resveratrol-induced growth arrest, the inhibition of glucose catabolism by the glycolytic pathway. Taken together, these results raise the possibility that inhibition of signaling and metabolic pathways that control glycolysis might be effective in therapy of DLBCLs.

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