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      Improvement of Myocardial Fatty Acid Metabolism through L-Carnitine Administration to Chronic Hemodialysis Patients

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          Abstract

          The concentration of carnitine, which is essential to fatty acid metabolism, can decrease markedly in patients on long-term hemodialysis coincident with life-threatening cardiac damage. However, administration of L-carnitine improves the myocardial function of these patients. To evaluate the underlying events of this phenomenon, we used recently developed technology, <sup>123</sup>I-labeled β-methyl- p-iodophenyl-pentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) myocardial scintigraphy, as a test of myocardial fatty acid metabolism. Our results showed that the free carnitine concentration (19.2 ± 6.5 μmol/l) was lower in 11 chronically dialyzed patients than in 8 healthy controls (49.3 ± 7.7 μmol/l, p < 0.0001). Additionally the heart to mediastinal ratio (H/M) of BMIPP was higher for these patients than for the controls (1.91 ± 0.19 vs. 1.52 ± 0.24, p < 0.005), and the patients’ washout rate (WOR) of BMIPP was lower (17.2 ± 6.0 vs. 22.8 ± 4.2%, p < 0.05). After L-carnitine was administered orally to the patients at doses of 1 g/day for 1 month and 0.5 g/day for the following month, the concentration of free carnitine in their sera increased to 85.4 ± 27.0 μmol/l (p < 0.0001). Although the H/M ratio did not change (1.89 ± 0.20) with this treatment, their WOR increased to 21.9 ± 6.6% (p < 0.001), similar to that of controls. The left ventricular end-diastolic dimension and left ventricular fractional shortening remained unchanged, as shown by echocardiography. The results presented here denote that a carnitine deficiency in chronically hemodialyzed patients disrupts their myocardial fatty acid metabolism, which is improved by L-carnitine supplementation.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          AJN
          Am J Nephrol
          10.1159/issn.0250-8095
          American Journal of Nephrology
          S. Karger AG
          0250-8095
          1421-9670
          1999
          August 1999
          13 August 1999
          : 19
          : 4
          : 480-484
          Affiliations
          aKidney Center of Shinraku-en Hospital, Niigata-shi, and bDivision of Blood Transfusion, Yamanashi Medical College, Yamanashi, Japan
          Article
          13502 Am J Nephrol 1999;19:480–484
          10.1159/000013502
          10460938
          © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 1, Tables: 2, References: 17, Pages: 5
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/13502
          Categories
          Clinical Study

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