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Simultaneous Information and Power Transfer for Broadband Wireless Systems

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      Abstract

      Far-field microwave power transfer (MPT) will free wireless sensors and other mobile devices from the constraints imposed by finite battery capacities. Integrating MPT with wireless communications to support simultaneous information and power transfer (SIPT) allows the same spectrum to be used for dual purposes without compromising the quality of service. A novel approach is presented in this paper for realizing SIPT in a broadband system where orthogonal frequency division multiplexing and transmit beamforming are deployed to create a set of parallel sub-channels for SIPT, which simplifies resource allocation. Supported by a proposed reconfigurable mobile architecture, different system configurations are considered by combining single-user/multiuser systems, downlink/uplink information transfer, and variable/fixed coding rates. Optimizing the power control for these configurations results in a new class of multiuser power-control problems featuring circuit-power constraints, specifying that the transferred power must be sufficiently large to support the operation of the receiver circuitry. Solving these problems gives a set of power-control algorithms that exploit channel diversity in frequency for simultaneously enhancing the throughput and the MPT efficiency. For the system configurations with variable coding rates, the algorithms are variants of water-filling that account for the circuit-power constraints. The optimal algorithms for those configurations with fixed coding rates are shown to sequentially allocate mobiles their required power for decoding in the ascending order until the entire budgeted power is spent. The required power for a mobile is derived as simple functions of the minimum signal-to-noise ratio for correct decoding, the circuit power and sub-channel gains.

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      MIMO Broadcasting for Simultaneous Wireless Information and Power Transfer

       Rui Zhang,  Chin Ho (2013)
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        Scaling up MIMO: Opportunities and Challenges with Very Large Arrays

        This paper surveys recent advances in the area of very large MIMO systems. With very large MIMO, we think of systems that use antenna arrays with an order of magnitude more elements than in systems being built today, say a hundred antennas or more. Very large MIMO entails an unprecedented number of antennas simultaneously serving a much smaller number of terminals. The disparity in number emerges as a desirable operating condition and a practical one as well. The number of terminals that can be simultaneously served is limited, not by the number of antennas, but rather by our inability to acquire channel-state information for an unlimited number of terminals. Larger numbers of terminals can always be accommodated by combining very large MIMO technology with conventional time- and frequency-division multiplexing via OFDM. Very large MIMO arrays is a new research field both in communication theory, propagation, and electronics and represents a paradigm shift in the way of thinking both with regards to theory, systems and implementation. The ultimate vision of very large MIMO systems is that the antenna array would consist of small active antenna units, plugged into an (optical) fieldbus.
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          Multiuser OFDM with adaptive subcarrier, bit, and power allocation

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            2012-11-29
            2013-09-04
            1211.6868
            10.1109/TSP.2013.2281026

            http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

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            This paper has been presented in part at IEEE ICASSP 2013. The full version will appear in IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
            cs.IT math.IT

            Numerical methods, Information systems & theory

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