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      Checklist of the dipterofauna (Insecta) from Roraima, Brazil, with special reference to the Brazilian Ecological Station of Maracá

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      Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia
      Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo
      Biodiversity, Inventory, Diptera, Flies, Amazon Forest, Transitional area

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          Abstract

          Abstract Roraima is a Brazilian state located in the northern portion of the Amazon basin, with few studies regarding its biodiversity. The Ecological Station of Maracá (Brazil, state of Roraima) harbors the third largest Brazilian pluvial island and is composed of a transitional landscape of savanna and Amazon rainforest components. Despite its ecological importance and strategic localization, few studies covered the dipterofauna of this locality. An updated checklist addressing 41 families of true flies (Diptera) occurring in Roraima is presented based on the literature and the specimens collected during a field expedition that occurred in 2015. This checklist brings several improvements such as new records of 165 taxa to the state of Roraima, 29 taxa to Brazil, and 259 morphotypes, mostly likely representing undescribed species.

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          Catalogue of the Sarcophagidae of the world (Insecta: Diptera)

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            The Calliphoridae (Blowflies) (Diptera: Oestroidea) are Not a Monophyletic Group1

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              The morphology, higher-level phylogeny and classification of the Empidoidea (Diptera)

              A cladistic analysis of the Empidoidea and basal lineages of the Cyclorrhapha, based on morphological characters, confirms the monophyly of both groups as well as that of the                    Eremoneura. The resulting final trees are used to revise the classification of the Empidoidea to include the following five families: Empididae, Hybotidae, Atelestidae (including Nemedininae n. subfam.), Brachystomatidae rev. stat. (comprising the subfamilies Brachystomatinae, Ceratomerinae and Trichopezinae), and Dolichopodidae s.lat. The family Microphoridae is not recognized, and the Microphorinae and Parathalassiinae are assigned to the Dolichopodidae s.lat. The Dolichopodidae s.str. includes 15 subfamilies that were previously recognized within the family. Within the Empidoidea we found support for Atelestidae as the sister group to the Hybotidae and for the monophyly of Parathalassiinae + Dolichopodidae s.str. The Empididae remains poorly defined and the genera Homalocnemis Philippi, Iteaphila Zetterstedt, Anthepiscopus Becker, and Oreogeton Schiner are classified as incertae sedis within the                   Empidoidea. In addition, the following higher taxa are proposed: Symballophthalmini n. tribe, Bicellariini n. tribe, Oedaleinae rev. stat., and Trichininae rev. stat., which are all assigned to the Hybotidae. The genus Sematopoda Collin is tentatively assigned to Trichopezinae, and Xanthodromia Saigusa is transferred from Hemerodromiinae to Brachystomatinae.        All morphological characters are extensively discussed and illustrated, including details of the antennae, mouthparts, internal thoracic structures, wings, and male and female terminalia. In addition, a key to families and unplaced genus groups of the Empidoidea is provided. Feeding habits are also discussed in terms of the empidoid ground plan condition.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                paz
                Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia
                Pap. Avulsos Zool.
                Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo (São Paulo, SP, Brazil )
                0031-1049
                1807-0205
                2022
                : 62
                Affiliations
                [9] São Paulo São Paulo orgnameUniversidade de São Paulo orgdiv1Museu de Zoologia Brazil
                [14] Fairbanks AK orgnameUniversity of Alaska Fairbanks orgdiv1Institute of Arctic Biology orgdiv2Museum of the North United States
                [11] Campo Grande Mato Grosso do Sul orgnameUniversidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul orgdiv1Instituto de Biociências orgdiv2Setor de Zoologia Brazil
                [15] Ponta Grossa Paraná orgnameUniversidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná Brazil
                [6] Curitiba Paraná orgnameUniversidade Federal do Paraná orgdiv1Setor de Ciências Biológicas orgdiv2Departamento de Zoologia Brazil
                [7] João Pessoa orgnameUniversidade Federal da Paraíba orgdiv1Centro de Ciências Exatas e da Natureza orgdiv2Departamento de Sistemática e Ecologia Brazil
                [3] Ponta Grossa Paraná orgnameUniversidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa orgdiv1Departamento de Biologia Estrutural, Molecular e Genética orgdiv2Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Evolutiva Brazil
                [4] Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro orgnameUniversidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro orgdiv1Museu Nacional orgdiv2Departamento de Entomologia Brazil
                [13] Goiânia Goiás orgnameUniversidade Federal de Goiás orgdiv1Instituto de Ciências Biológicas orgdiv2Departamento de Ecologia Brazil
                [2] Manaus Amazonas orgnameInstituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia Brazil
                [8] Pelotas Rio Grande do Sul orgnameUniversidade Federal de Pelotas orgdiv1Instituto de Biologia orgdiv2Departamento de Ecologia, Zoologia e Genética Brazil
                [12] Lavras Minas Gerais orgnameUniversidade Federal de Lavras orgdiv1Departamento de Entomologia Brazil
                [16] Sorocaba orgnameUniversidade Federal de São Carlos orgdiv1Centro de Ciências Humanas e Biológicas orgdiv2Departamento de Biologia Brazil
                [5] Uberaba MG orgnameInstituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Triângulo Mineiro Brasil
                [10] Piracicaba orgnameUniversidade de São Paulo orgdiv1Escola Superior de Agricultura “Luiz de Queiroz” orgdiv2Departamento de Entomologia e Acarologia Brazil
                [1] Ribeirão Preto orgnameUniversidade de São Paulo orgdiv1Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto orgdiv2Departamento de Biologia Brazil
                Article
                S0031-10492022000100214 S0031-1049(22)06200000214
                10.11606/1807-0205/2022.62.014
                a09ac8ff-87af-47c4-acd5-05a2c355b627

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 369, Pages: 0
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                Biodiversity,Inventory,Diptera,Flies,Amazon Forest,Transitional area

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