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      An integrated analysis of Maglemose bone points reframes the Early Mesolithic of Southern Scandinavia

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          Abstract

          The extensive peat bogs of Southern Scandinavia have yielded rich Mesolithic archaeological assemblages, with one of the most iconic artefacts being the bone point. Although great in number they remain understudied. Here we present a combined investigation of the typology, protein-based species composition, and absolute chronology of Maglemosian bone points. The majority of the bone points are made from cervids and bovines. However, changes both in species composition and barb morphology can be directly linked to a paucity of finds lasting nearly 600 years in Southern Scandinavia around 10,300 cal BP. We hypothesize that this hiatus was climate-driven and forced hunter-gatherers to abandon the lakes. Furthermore, the marked change in bone points coincides with a change in lithic technology. We, therefore, propose that the Maglemose culture in Southern Scandinavia is fundamentally divided into an Early Complex and a Late Complex.

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          Most cited references 64

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          The PRIDE database and related tools and resources in 2019: improving support for quantification data

          Abstract The PRoteomics IDEntifications (PRIDE) database (https://www.ebi.ac.uk/pride/) is the world’s largest data repository of mass spectrometry-based proteomics data, and is one of the founding members of the global ProteomeXchange (PX) consortium. In this manuscript, we summarize the developments in PRIDE resources and related tools since the previous update manuscript was published in Nucleic Acids Research in 2016. In the last 3 years, public data sharing through PRIDE (as part of PX) has definitely become the norm in the field. In parallel, data re-use of public proteomics data has increased enormously, with multiple applications. We first describe the new architecture of PRIDE Archive, the archival component of PRIDE. PRIDE Archive and the related data submission framework have been further developed to support the increase in submitted data volumes and additional data types. A new scalable and fault tolerant storage backend, Application Programming Interface and web interface have been implemented, as a part of an ongoing process. Additionally, we emphasize the improved support for quantitative proteomics data through the mzTab format. At last, we outline key statistics on the current data contents and volume of downloads, and how PRIDE data are starting to be disseminated to added-value resources including Ensembl, UniProt and Expression Atlas.
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            A Pervasive Millennial-Scale Cycle in North Atlantic Holocene and Glacial Climates

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              Bayesian Analysis of Radiocarbon Dates

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                tztjensen@sund.ku.dk
                matthew.collins@palaeome.org
                Journal
                Sci Rep
                Sci Rep
                Scientific Reports
                Nature Publishing Group UK (London )
                2045-2322
                14 October 2020
                14 October 2020
                2020
                : 10
                Affiliations
                [1 ]GRID grid.5254.6, ISNI 0000 0001 0674 042X, Section for Evolutionary Genomics, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, GLOBE Institute, , University of Copenhagen, ; Øster Farimagsgade 5, 1353 Copenhagen, Denmark
                [2 ]GRID grid.5685.e, ISNI 0000 0004 1936 9668, Department of Archaeology, BioArCh, , University of York, ; Environment Building, Wentworth Way, York, YO10 5NG UK
                [3 ]GRID grid.4514.4, ISNI 0000 0001 0930 2361, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, , Lund University, ; Helgonavägen 3, Box 192, 221 00 Lund, Sweden
                [4 ]Sealand Archaeology, Gl. Roesnaesvej 27, 4400 Kalundborg, Denmark
                [5 ]GRID grid.4514.4, ISNI 0000 0001 0930 2361, Historical Museum, , Lund University, ; Krafts Torg 1, 223 50 Lund, Sweden
                [6 ]GRID grid.13508.3f, ISNI 0000 0001 1017 5662, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), ; Øster Voldgade 10, Copenhagen K, Denmark
                [7 ]GRID grid.469873.7, ISNI 0000 0004 4914 1197, Department of Archaeology, , Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, ; Kahlaische Strasse 10, 07745 Jena, Germany
                [8 ]GRID grid.8250.f, ISNI 0000 0000 8700 0572, Department of Archaeology, , Durham University, ; South Road, Durham, DH1 3LE UK
                [9 ]GRID grid.5254.6, ISNI 0000 0001 0674 042X, Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Protein Research, , University of Copenhagen, ; Blegdamsvej 3b, 2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark
                [10 ]GRID grid.425566.6, ISNI 0000 0001 2254 6512, Department of Environmental Archaeology and Materials Science, , The Danish National Museum, ; I.C.Modewegsvej, 2800 Lyngby, Denmark
                [11 ]GRID grid.425566.6, ISNI 0000 0001 2254 6512, The Danish National Museum, Ancient Cultures of Denmark and the Mediterranean, ; Ny Vestergade 10, Prinsens Palæ, 1471 København K, Denmark
                [12 ]GRID grid.4991.5, ISNI 0000 0004 1936 8948, Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit (ORAU), School of Archaeology, , University of Oxford, ; 1 South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3TG UK
                [13 ]GRID grid.5170.3, ISNI 0000 0001 2181 8870, Department of Health Technology, , Technical University of Denmark, ; Kemitorvet, 2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
                [14 ]GRID grid.7048.b, ISNI 0000 0001 1956 2722, Department of Physics and Astronomy, , Aarhus AMS Centre (AARAMS), Aarhus University, ; Ny Munkegade 120, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
                [15 ]GRID grid.5685.e, ISNI 0000 0004 1936 9668, Department of Archaeology, , University of York, ; King’s Manor, York, YO1 7EP UK
                [16 ]GRID grid.5254.6, ISNI 0000 0001 0674 042X, Department of Archaeology, The Saxo Institute, , University of Copenhagen, ; Karen Blixens plads 8, 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark
                [17 ]GRID grid.5335.0, ISNI 0000000121885934, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, , University of Cambridge, ; West Tower, Downing St, Cambridge, CB2 3ER UK
                Article
                74258
                10.1038/s41598-020-74258-8
                7560828
                33057088
                © The Author(s) 2020

                Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

                Funding
                Funded by: European Union's EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation Horizon 2020
                Award ID: 676154
                Award Recipient :
                Funded by: FundRef http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100000270, Natural Environment Research Council;
                Award ID: NF/2018/1/5
                Award Recipient :
                Funded by: FundRef http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100008398, Villum Fonden;
                Award ID: 22917
                Funded by: FundRef http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100001732, Danmarks Grundforskningsfond;
                Award ID: DNRF128
                Funded by: FundRef http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100009708, Novo Nordisk Fonden;
                Award ID: NNF14CC0001
                Award Recipient :
                Categories
                Article
                Custom metadata
                © The Author(s) 2020

                Uncategorized

                evolutionary ecology, environmental impact, zoology, proteomics

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