+1 Recommend
1 collections
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Effects of Histamine and Related Compounds on Thyrotropin Secretion in Rats

      Read this article at

          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.


          The effects of histamine (HA) and related compounds on thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) and thyrotropin (TSH) secretion in rats were studied. Histidine (1.0 g/kg), HA (5.0 mg/kg) or histamine antagonists mepyramine (MP) (100 mg/kg) or famotidine (FA) (5.0 mg/kg) were injected intraperitoneally, and the rats were decapitated at various intervals after the injection. The hypothalamic immunoreactive TRH (ir-TRH) content increased significantly after histidine or HA injection, decreased significantly after FA injection, but was not changed by MP. The plasma ir-TRH concentration did not change significantly after injection of these drugs. The plasma TSH levels decreased significantly in a dose-related manner after histidine or HA injection and increased significantly in a dose-related manner after FA injection. The plasma thyroid hormone levels showed no changes. In the FA-pretreated group, the inhibitory effect of histidine or HA on TSH levels was prevented, but not in the MP-pretreated group. The plasma ir-TRH and TSH responses to cold were inhibited by histidine or HA and enhanced by FA. The plasma TSH response to TRH was inhibited by histidine or HA and enhanced by FA. The inactivation of TRH immunoreactivitiy by hypothalamus or plasma in vitro after histidine, HA, MP or FA was not different from that of the control. These findings suggest that histamine may act both on the hypothalamus and the pituitary to inhibit TRH and TSH release, and that its effects may be mediated via H<sub>2</sub>-receptor.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Horm Res Paediatr
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          28 November 2008
          : 23
          : 2
          : 99-105
          Fourth Department of Internal Medicine, Aichi Medical University, Nagakute, Aichi, Aichi, Japan
          180296 Horm Res 1986;23:99–105
          © 1986 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7


          Comment on this article