4
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found

      Coordination-Driven Self-Assembly Using Ditopic Pyridyl-Pyrazolyl Donor and p-Cymene Ru(II) Acceptors: [2]Catenane Synthesis and Anticancer Activities.

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Coordination-driven self-assembly of m-bis[3-(4-pyridyl)pyrazolyl]xylene (L) and [(p-cymene)2Ru2(OO∩OO)2(OTf)2] (A1) (OO∩OO = 6,11-dioxido-5,12-naphthacenedione) in methanol resulted in a mixture of [2]catenane 1 and macrocycle 2, and self-assembly in nitromethane resulted in pure macrocycle 2, whereas the coordination-driven self-assembly of L and similar acceptors [(p-cymene)2Ru2(OO∩OO)2(OTf)2] [OO∩OO = 5,8-dioxido-1,4-naphthoquinonnato (A2); 2,5-dioxido-1,4-benzoquinonato (A3); oxalato (A4)] resulted in the formations of monomeric macrocycles 3-5, respectively. All self-assembled macrocycles were obtained in excellent yields (>90%) as triflate salts and were fully characterized by multinuclear NMR, elemental analysis, and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). The structures of [2]catenane 1 and macrocycles 5 were confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The X-ray structure of 1 confirmed an edge-to-face interaction between the tetracene moiety in parallel-displaced π-π stacks (3.5 Å), and CH···π (2.5 Å) stabilizes the [2]catenane topology. Macrocycles 2-5 were assessed for anticancer activities using human cancer cell lines of different origins, and the macrocycle 3 was found to exhibit the best inhibitory effect and to do so in a dose-dependent manner. Further examination with the Tali apoptosis assay suggested the growth inhibitory effect of 3 involved the induction of the programmed cell death, and this suggestion was supported by observations of PARP and caspase 3 cleavage after treating cells with 3. In addition, exposure to 3 increased the expression of Bax and repressed the expression of Bcl-2, thus indicating the involvement of macrocycle 3 upstream of Bax and Bcl-2 in the apoptotic signaling pathway. Macrocycle 3 also tended to repress metastasis as evidenced by changes in the transcriptional expressions E- and N-cadherin (markers of metastasis). Furthermore, a stability assay demonstrated macrocycle 3 remained stable at high concentration.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          Inorg Chem
          Inorganic chemistry
          American Chemical Society (ACS)
          1520-510X
          0020-1669
          Jul 17 2017
          : 56
          : 14
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Chemistry, University of Ulsan , Ulsan 44610, Republic of Korea.
          [2 ] College of Life Science, Kyung Hee University , Yongin 17104, Republic of Korea.
          [3 ] Energy Materials Laboratory, Korea Institute of Energy Research , Daejeon 28119, Republic of Korea.
          Article
          10.1021/acs.inorgchem.7b01101
          28665136

          Comments

          Comment on this article