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      Germination and biochemical changes in West Indian gherkin seeds under water stress at different temperatures Translated title: Germinação e alterações bioquímicas em sementes de maxixe sob estresse hídrico em diferentes temperaturas

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          Abstract

          ABSTRACT Information on the effects of climate conditions on the survival of species grown in semi-arid regions is essential and at the same time scarce, especially regarding rustic species such as West Indian gherkin (Cucumis anguria L.). Thus, this study aimed to evaluate germination, growth and biochemical alterations in C. anguria seeds under water stress and different temperature regimes. The experimental design was completely randomized, in 5 x 5 factorial scheme, composed of five osmotic potentials (0.0; -0.1; -0.2; -0.3 and -0.4 MPa) and four temperatures (20; 25; 30 °C and alternating temperatures of 20-30 ºC), with each treatment composed of four replicates of 50 seeds. The seeds were sown on paper towel (Germitest®) and germinated in Biochemical Oxygen Demand (B.O.D.) germinators, under 8-h photoperiod. Germination percentage, germination speed index, mean time of germination, seedling length and contents of chlorophylls, carotenoids, proline, free amino acids and free sugars were determined along the experiment. Decrease in osmotic potential reduced germination, growth and contents of chloroplast pigments of C. anguria seedlings, but was more drastic at levels lower than -0.2 MPa. Low temperatures intensify the effects of water stress on the germination of C. anguria seeds. The synthesis of protecting osmolytes increased in C. anguria seedlings but these components did not promote efficient osmotic adjustment in their initial development stage.

          Translated abstract

          RESUMO As informações sobre os efeitos das condições climáticas na sobrevivência de espécies cultivadas em regiões semiáridas são imprescindíveis e, ainda, escassas, principalmente em se tratando de espécies rústicas como o maxixe (Cucumis anguria L.). Com isso, objetivou-se avaliar a germinação, crescimento e alterações bioquímicas em sementes de C. anguria sob estresse hídrico em diferentes regimes de temperaturas. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi o inteiramente casualizado, em esquema fatorial 5 x 5, constituído de cinco potenciais osmóticos (0,0; -0,1; -0,2; -0,3; -0,4 MPa) e quatro temperaturas (20; 25; 30 °C e alternada 20-30 ºC), com cada tratamento composto por quatro repetições de 50 sementes. As sementes foram semeadas em papel toalha (Germitest®) e colocadas para germinar em germinadores do tipo Biochemical Oxygen Demand (B.O.D.), com fotoperíodo de oito horas de luz. Durante a condução do experimento, determinou-se a percentagem de germinação, índice de velocidade de germinação, tempo médio de germinação, comprimento das plântulas, teores de clorofilas e carotenoides, teores de prolina, aminoácidos livres e açúcares livres. A redução do potencial osmótico diminuiu a germinação, o crescimento e o teor de pigmentos cloroplastídicos das plântulas de C. anguria, porém sendo mais drástica em níveis inferiores a -0,2 MPa. As baixas temperaturas potencializaram os efeitos do estresse hídrico na germinação de sementes de C. anguria. Ocorreu aumento da síntese de osmólitos protetores em plântulas de C. anguria, porém estes não promoveram ajuste osmótico eficiente na fase inicial de desenvolvimento da plântula.

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          Most cited references 22

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          Sisvar: a computer statistical analysis system

          Sisvar is a statistical analysis system, first released in 1996 although its development began in 1994. The first version was done in the programming language Pascal and compiled with Borland Turbo Pascal 3. Sisvar was developed to achieve some specific goals. The first objective was to obtain software that could be used directly on the statistical experimental course of the Department of Exact Science at the Federal University of Lavras. The second objective was to initiate the development of a genuinely Brazilian free software program that met the demands and peculiarities of research conducted in the country. The third goal was to present statistical analysis software for the Brazilian scientific community that would allow research results to be analyzed efficiently and reliably. All of the initial goals were achieved. Sisvar gained acceptance by the scientific community because it provides reliable, accurate, precise, simple and robust results, and allows users a greater degree of interactivity.
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            Rapid determination of free proline for water-stress studies

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              Speed of Germination—Aid In Selection And Evaluation for Seedling Emergence And Vigor1

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                rca
                Revista Ciência Agronômica
                Rev. Ciênc. Agron.
                Universidade Federal do Ceará (Fortaleza, CE, Brazil )
                0045-6888
                1806-6690
                September 2019
                : 50
                : 3
                : 411-419
                Affiliations
                Mossoró Rio Grande do Norte orgnameUniversidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido orgdiv1Centro de Ciências Agrárias Brazil emanuelappaiva@ 123456hotmail.com
                Tauá orgnameInstituto Centro de Ensino Tecnológico Brazil joaopaulonobre@ 123456yahoo.com.br
                Article
                S1806-66902019000300411
                10.5935/1806-6690.20190049

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 28, Pages: 9
                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                Crop Science

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