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      Mononuclear-Cell Peptide Mediation of Chromaffin-Cell Epinephrine Secretion

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          Abstract

          Previously, we have shown that novel mononuclear-cell-derived factor(s) [molecular weight (MW) <3,000] stimulate the release of epinephrine (EPI) from adrenal medullary chromaffin cells to levels comparable to that of maximal cholinergic stimulation. The present study provides evidence that the observed bioactivity is due to the action of a single peptide of 627 Da apparent MW. The peptide nature of the bioactive component was suggested by a decreased bioactivity after acid hydrolysis as well as altered bioactivity subsequent to peptidase (carboxypeptidase Y, leucine aminopeptidase) treatment. The bioactive conditioned-medium (CM) peptide(s) were isolated and further characterized using SDS-PAGE analysis. SDS-PAGE separation of G-25 Sephadex purified CM shows that bioactivity resides in a single peptide band. Additional studies revealed that CM also mediates norepinephrine release from sympathetic ganglia cells. Regulation of peptide production was shown to involve negative feedback in that incubation with mononuclear cells with EPI prevented further bioactive peptide release. This feedback inhibition was partially blocked by theβ-adrenergic receptor antagonist propranolol. These findings suggest a novel and potentially important mechanism by which the immune system can alter neuroendocrine function.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NIM
          Neuroimmunomodulation
          10.1159/issn.1021-7401
          Neuroimmunomodulation
          S. Karger AG
          1021-7401
          1423-0216
          1996
          1996
          08 November 1996
          : 3
          : 2-3
          : 119-130
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Physiology, bDepartment of Microbiology and Immunology, and cThe Burn and Shock Trauma Institute, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, Ill., USA; dDepartment of Neuropharmacology, University of Antwerp, Belgium
          Article
          97236 Neuroimmunomodulation 1996;3:119–130
          10.1159/000097236
          8945727
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 12
          Categories
          Original Paper

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