Arttu Soukainen 1 , 2 , Timo Pajunen 3 , Tuuli Korhonen 2 , 1 , Joni Saarinen 1 , 2 , Filipe Chichorro 2 , Sonja Jalonen 1 , Niina Kiljunen 4 , 2 , Nelli Koskivirta 1 , Jaakko Kuurne 1 , 2 , Saija Leinonen 1 , Tero Salonen 1 , Veikko Yrjölä 1 , Caroline Fukushima 2 , Pedro Cardoso , 2
13 March 2020
In June 2019, an ecology field course of the University of Helsinki was held at Lammi Biological Station, Southern Finland. Within this course, the students familiarised themselves with field work and identification of spiders and explored the diversity of species in the area. Three sampling plots were chosen, one in grassland and two in boreal forest, to demonstrate the sampling techniques and, by applying a standardised protocol (COBRA), contribute to a global spider biodiversity project.
The collected samples contained a total of 3445 spiders, of which 1956 (57%) were adult. Only adult spiders were accounted for in the inventory due to the impossibility of identification of juveniles. A total of 115 species belonging to 17 families were identified, of which the majority (58 species, 50%) were Linyphiidae . Lycosidae and Theridiidae both had 11 species (10%) and all the other families had seven or fewer species. Linyphiidae were also dominant in terms of adult individuals captured, with 756 (39%), followed by 705 (36%) Lycosidae . Other families with more than 100 individuals were Thomisidae (196, 10%) and Tetragnathidae (102, 5%). The most abundant species were the lycosids Pardosa fulvipes (362, 19%) and Pardosa riparia (290, 15%) and the linyphiid Neriene peltata (123, 6%).