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      Empowering leadership and healthcare workers performance outcomes in times of crisis: the mediating role of safety climate

      , ,
      Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance
      Emerald

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          Abstract

          Purpose

          Drawing upon the norm of reciprocity and social exchange theory, the purpose of this study is to propose and empirically test a model on the relationship between empowering leadership and employees' work-related outcomes during the COVID-19 pandemic. In this model, safety climate was theorized as an intervening mechanism between (1) empowering leadership and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) and (2) empowering leadership and risk-taking behavior.

          Design/methodology/approach

          Using a cross-sectional research design, data were gathered from a sample of 228 full-time staff working in the healthcare sector in Palestine. Data were analyzed using partial least squares-structural equation modeling to examine the proposed hypotheses.

          Findings

          The results show that empowering leadership is related to extra-role behaviors in a time of crisis. Furthermore, the results suggest that safety climate fully mediates the relationships between (1) empowering leadership and OCB and (2) empowering leadership and risk-taking behavior.

          Practical implications

          Healthcare administrators are invited to train their supervisors to foster the empowerment philosophy, especially during crisis times, and select leaders with empowering mentality. Besides, healthcare administrators are called upon to consider the critical role of maintaining a safe climate since it is related to employees' outcomes.

          Originality/value

          In this study, the authors contribute to leadership literature in crisis times by highlighting the critical role of leadership in sharing power and control with employees to encourage their OCB and willingness to take risks for the organization's interest. Moreover, to the researchers' best knowledge, this study is among the few studies that examine the consequences of empowering leadership in crisis times.

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          Most cited references105

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          Common method biases in behavioral research: A critical review of the literature and recommended remedies.

          Interest in the problem of method biases has a long history in the behavioral sciences. Despite this, a comprehensive summary of the potential sources of method biases and how to control for them does not exist. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to examine the extent to which method biases influence behavioral research results, identify potential sources of method biases, discuss the cognitive processes through which method biases influence responses to measures, evaluate the many different procedural and statistical techniques that can be used to control method biases, and provide recommendations for how to select appropriate procedural and statistical remedies for different types of research settings.
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            Evaluating Structural Equation Models with Unobservable Variables and Measurement Error

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              • Article: not found

              When to use and how to report the results of PLS-SEM

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
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                Journal
                Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance
                JOEPP
                Emerald
                2051-6614
                April 08 2022
                July 22 2022
                April 08 2022
                July 22 2022
                : 9
                : 3
                : 401-421
                Article
                10.1108/JOEPP-03-2021-0080
                a16087e2-d0af-45d8-a74a-be25a0ce1b84
                © 2022

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