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      Awareness and needs of parents regarding pediatric infectious diseases in kindergartens in Chenghua District of Chengdu

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          Abstract

          Objective To understand the awereness and health needs of parents in regards to infectious diseases in kindergartens in Chengdu, and to provide a reference for carrying out targeted health education on infectious diseases.

          Methods The parents of kindergarten children in Chenghua District of Chengdu was selected by convenient sampling, and a self-designed questionnaire was used.

          Results The rate of awareness among parents regarding pediatric infectious diseases was 42.0%, among which the awareness rate of “treatment measures following a dog bite” was the highest (99.6%), and “the awareness rate of infectious disease classifications in China” was the lowest (26.7%). The awareness rate was related to family role, education level, occupation and income level (χ 2 = 10.81, 71.81, 93.78, 25.17, P<0.05). The survey examined the demand for knowledge regarding pediatric infectious disease prevention and control, and revealed that parents primarily obtained such information from the school class group (85.5%). The most desirable way of obtaining relevant information was from information provided by professional institutions (96.6%), the infectious disease that parents most wanted to know about was the 2019 novel coronavirus (91.9%), and the most desirable time to acquire knowledge about infectious diseases depended on the seasonal arrangement of infectious diseases (67.5%).

          Conclusion The awareness rate of parents about children’s infectious diseases is in the middle level, and the channels for acquiring the knowledge about infectious diseases are relatively limited. Schools can carry out targeted health education in order to raise the awareness rate of parents of preschool children about children’s infectious diseases.

          Abstract

          【摘要】目的了解成都市幼儿园儿童家长对儿童传染病知识知晓情况及健康需求, 为开展针对性的传染病健康教育提 供参考。 方法采用便利抽样方法抽取成都市成华区54所幼儿园儿童家长3 902名, 使用自设问卷进行传染病知识知晓 情况调查。 结果家长对儿童传染病知识知晓率为42.0%, 其中“被狗咬伤后的处理措施”知晓率最高(99.6%), “中国传 染病分几类”题目知晓率最低(26.7%)。幼儿家长传染病知晓率与家长类别、文化程度、职业及家庭人均月收入相关 (χ 2值分别为10.81, 71.81, 93.78,25.17, P值均<0.05)。对儿童传染病防控知识的需求调查显示, 家长最主要的信息获取渠道 是学校传染病预防知识的普及(85.5%);最希望通过专业机构提供的信息资料获取相关信息(96.6%);家长最希望获取了 解的传染病是新型冠状病毒肺炎(91.9%);最希望获得传染病相关知识的时机是根据传染病的季节性安排(67.5%)。 结论家长对儿童传染病知识知晓率处于中等水平, 对获取传染病相关知识的渠道较局限;学校可开展针对性的健康教育以 提升学龄前儿童家长对儿童传染病知识的知晓率。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 December 2022
          01 January 2023
          : 43
          : 12
          : 1801-1803
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Department of Paediatric Infection West China Second Hospital/West China Nursing College/Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education on Birth Defects and Related Maternal and Child Diseases, Sichuan University, Chengdu (610041), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: LI Li, E-mail: 570586254@ 123456qq.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.12.010
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.12.010
          a1861668-a52c-458c-91c3-08da873ce2c2
          © 2022 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Health services needs and demand,Child, preschool,Communicable diseases,Legal guardians,Knowledge

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