In 1902, the nationwide citizen science project, known as FLORIVON, for mapping the flora of the Netherlands was launched, resulting in the publication of a complete flora atlas in 1980. Until 2004, the atlas dataset of the fieldwork between 1902 and 1950 had only been partly digitised and observations were aggregated and anonymised. Between 2001 and 2018, the dataset has been entirely digitised from the original field forms, including notes on non-native taxa. This paper presents key characteristics and figures of the dataset and provides an overview of the historical survey project, the digitisation process and subsequent validation of the data. The dataset is currently curated in the National Database Flora and Fauna and published in GBIF.