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      Promoting effects of IL-13 on Ca2+ release and store-operated Ca2+ entry in airway smooth muscle cells

      , , , , , ,

      Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics

      Elsevier BV

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          Th2 cytokine interleukin (IL)-13 plays a central role in the pathogenesis of allergic asthma. IL-13 exhibits a direct effect on airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) to cause airway hyperresponsiveness. IL-13 has been demonstrated to regulate Ca(2+) signaling in ASMCs, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) plays an important role in regulating Ca(2+) signaling and cellular responses of ASMCs, whether IL-13 affects SOCE in ASMCs has not been reported. In this study, by using confocal Ca(2+) fluorescence imaging, we found that IL-13 (10 ng/ml) treatment increased basal intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) level, Ca(2+) release and SOCE induced by SERCA inhibitor thapsigargin in rat bronchial smooth muscle cells. The glucocorticoid dexamethasone and the short-acting beta2 adrenergic agonist (beta2 agonist) salbutamol suppressed IL-13-augumented basal [Ca(2+)](i), Ca(2+) release and SOCE, whereas the long-acting beta2 agonist salmeterol had no effect on altered Ca(2+) signaling in IL-13-treated ASMCs. Membrane-permeable cAMP analog dibutyryl-cAMP (db-cAMP) similarly decreased Ca(2+) release and SOCE induced by thapsigargin in IL-13-treated ASMCs, confirmed a role of cAMP/PKA signaling pathway in the regulation of SOCE. IL-13 promoted the proliferation of ASMCs stimulated by serum; this effect was inhibited by nonspecific Ca(2+) channel blockers SKF-96365 and NiCl(2), by salmeterol, but not by salbutamol and dexamethasone. IL-13 treatment did not change the expression of SOC channel-associated molecules STIM1, Orai1 and TRPC1 at mRNA level. Our findings identified a promoting effect of IL-13 on Ca(2+) release and SOCE in ASMCs, which partially contributes to its effect on the proliferation of ASMCs; the differences of glucocorticoids and beta2 agonists in inhibiting Ca(2+) signal and proliferation potentiated by IL-13 suggest that these therapies of asthma may have distinct effect on the relief of airway contraction and remodeling in bronchial asthma. Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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          Author and article information

          Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
          Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
          Elsevier BV
          June 2010
          June 2010
          : 23
          : 3
          : 182-189
          © 2010


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