Background: Reactions to dialyzers used in dialysis have been reported more frequently in recent years. Evidence, however, shows that the reaction rate has remained stable for years. Summary: One explanation for the apparent increase in publication frequency could be the lack of knowledge that dialyzer reactions may well occur with biocompatible membranes. Studies showed that the cause of these reactions is very diverse and varied, involving multiple materials. However, polyvinylpyrrolidone continues to be the main suspect, but without conclusive results. There are no differences between the different fibers, and although polysulfone is the most described, it is also the most used. Key Messages: The change to cellulose triacetate continues to be the most appropriate form of treatment. The classification of these reactions into type A and B complicates the diagnosis, and its true usefulness is in doubt.