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      Taking a mixed-methods approach to collision investigation: AcciMap, STAMP-CAST and PCM

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          Abstract

          Recently, ergonomics and safety researchers have turned their attention towards applying combinations of sociotechnical methods rather than using single methods in isolation. In the current research, a mixed-method approach combining two systems-based methods, Accimaps and the Systems Theoretic Accident Model and Process - Causal Analysis using Systems Theory (STAMP-CAST), and one cognitive approach, the Perceptual Cycle Model (PCM), were employed in analysing a rail-level crossing incident in Bangladesh. Each method was applied individually to investigate the collision, and interventions were proposed corresponding to incident events at different risk management framework levels. The three methods provided different perspectives of the whole picture, together identifying an array of contributory factors. The complementary nature of these methods aided in proposing a comprehensive set of safety recommendations, thereby demonstrating the benefit of a mixed-method approach for collision investigation in low-income settings.

          Highlights

          • Combining systems-based and cognitive methods for road-rail collision investigation.

          • Interventions are proposed corresponding to events at different system levels.

          • Complementary nature of methods used brings benefits in collision investigation.

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          Most cited references34

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          Risk management in a dynamic society: a modelling problem

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            A new accident model for engineering safer systems

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              Road transport in drift? Applying contemporary systems thinking to road safety

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Appl Ergon
                Appl Ergon
                Applied Ergonomics
                Butterworth-Heinemann
                0003-6870
                1872-9126
                1 April 2022
                April 2022
                : 100
                : None
                Affiliations
                [a ]Department of Civil Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka, 1000, Bangladesh
                [b ]Accident Research Institute, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka, 1000, Bangladesh
                [c ]Department of Civil Engineering, Ahsanullah University of Science & Technology, 141 & 142, Love Road, Dhaka, 1208, Bangladesh
                [d ]Human Factors Engineering, Transportation Research Group, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
                Author notes
                []Corresponding author. Department of Civil Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka, 1000, Bangladesh. hamim1204007@ 123456gmail.com
                Article
                S0003-6870(21)00297-0 103650
                10.1016/j.apergo.2021.103650
                8793940
                34808534
                a277028a-0d09-4227-8224-82b5e2910ab5
                © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

                This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

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                accimap,stamp-cast,pcm
                accimap, stamp-cast, pcm

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