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      Oxidative Modification of Low-Density Lipoprotein Enhances Mesangial Cell Protein Synthesis and Gene Expression of Extracellular Matrix Proteins

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          Abstract

          The proliferation of intrinsic glomerular cells and the accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins are principal histopathological features seen in glomerular injury. Because of the marked similarity between the cellular and molecular events that occur in both atherosclerosis and glomerulosclerosis and the commonly accepted hypothesis that lipoproteins are implicated in the pathogenesis of glomerulosclerosis, we examined the effect of three atherogenic lipoproteins, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), oxidized (ox)-LDL, and minimally modified (mm)-LDL on the synthesis and secretion of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins by mesangial cells. The incubation of SV-40 transformed murine mesangial cells with LDL (25–100 µg/ml) increased the synthesis and secretion of both fibronectin and laminin in a dose-dependent manner. Similarly, oxidized forms of LDL (25–100 µg/ml) increased fibronectin and laminin synthesis and secretion dose dependently. However, both oxidatively modified forms of LDL had a greater effect on increasing ECM protein synthesis than their native counterpart. Northern blot analysis showed a dose-dependent increase in mRNA transcripts for fibronectin and laminin in response to the incubation of mesangial cells with LDL, ox-LDL, and mm-LDL. Similar to the ECM protein expression data, the oxidatively modified forms of LDL had more pronounced effects on the gene expression of both fibronectin and laminin. These data show that both LDL and, perhaps more importantly, its oxidatively modified forms stimulate mesangial cells to upregulate both the gene expression and synthesis and secretion of ECM proteins, supporting a role for atherogenic lipoproteins in the pathobiology of glomerular injury.

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          Most cited references 2

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          Cell surface interactions with extracellular materials.

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            Role of fibronectin as a growth factor for fibroblasts

             P Bitterman (1983)
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              Author and article information

              Journal
              AJN
              Am J Nephrol
              10.1159/issn.0250-8095
              American Journal of Nephrology
              S. Karger AG
              0250-8095
              1421-9670
              1998
              August 1998
              05 June 1998
              : 18
              : 4
              : 344-350
              Affiliations
              Nephrology Section,Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Long Beach, Calif., andDivision of Nephrology,Department of Medicine,University of California, Irvine, Calif., USA
              Article
              13363 Am J Nephrol 1998;18:344–350
              10.1159/000013363
              9653842
              © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 4, References: 49, Pages: 7
              Product
              Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/13363
              Categories
              Laboratory Investigation

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