Blog
About

7
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Prevention of Hemodialysis Catheter-Related Bloodstream Infection Using an Antimicrobial Lock

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Among currently available vascular access options for hemodialysis, central venous catheters show the poorest reliability, with frequent complications of thrombosis and stenosis impairing patency. The most serious problem, however, is catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBI), which is typically a cause for removal of the catheter and protracted systemic antibiotic therapy. In our experience, a totally implanted device (Dialock<sup>®</sup>, Biolink Corp.) seems to confer a better global protection against catheter-related infections than standard tunneled catheters, accounting for 0.97 vs. 4.75 infection episodes/1,000 catheter-days, respectively (p < 0.001). Bloodstream infection rates, however, are not statistically different in the two groups (0.85 vs. 0.81 per 1,000 catheter-days; p = n.s.), indicating that the improvement is mainly related to local cutaneous infections. On the other hand, in the Sodemann experience, a new taurolidine-based lock solution (Neutrolin<sup>®</sup>, Biolink Corp.) greatly reduced CRBI rates with both subcutaneous ports and tunneled catheters to 0.29 and 0.20 episodes/1,000 catheter-days, respectively. These promising results await further confirmation from ongoing clinical trials.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 4

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          Bacterial Biofilms: A Common Cause of Persistent Infections

           J Costerton (1999)
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            Filling hemodialysis catheters in the interdialytic period: heparin versus citrate versus polygeline: a prospective randomized study.

            Heparin and saline are commonly used to fill hemodialysis central venous catheters to prevent their thrombosis during the interdialytic period. The purpose of this prospective clinical study was to evaluate whether replacing heparin with citrate or polygeline could ensure satisfactory catheter function without exposing patients to the risk of systemic heparinization. Thirty end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients with subclavian or jugular single lumen catheters as temporary vascular access for hemodialysis were enrolled. After the insertion of the catheters, the patients were randomly assigned to one of the following three filling groups: Group A, heparin; Group B, citrate; Group C, polygeline. Before each dialysis, the filling solution was aspirated and clot volume, if present, was measured. The catheter usage time and the clot volume were 23 +/- 24 days and 0.052 +/- 0.035 ml in Group A, 51 +/- 36 days and 0.059 +/- 0.032 ml in Group B, and 32 +/- 10 days and 0.056 +/- 0.038 ml in Group C, respectively. Our results indicate that citrate or polygeline can replace heparin effectively as a filling solution for single lumen temporary hemodialysis catheters.
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              Activities of taurolidine in vitro and in experimental enterococcal endocarditis.

              In vitro, the antimicrobial agent taurolidine inhibited virtually all of the bacteria tested, including vancomycin-resistant enterococci, oxacillin-resistant staphylococci, and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, at concentrations between 250 and 2,000 microg/ml. Taurolidine was not effective in experimental endocarditis. While it appears unlikely that this antimicrobial would be useful for systemic therapy, its bactericidal activity and the resistance rates found (<10(-9)) are favorable indicators for its possible development for topical use.
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                BPU
                Blood Purif
                10.1159/issn.0253-5068
                Blood Purification
                S. Karger AG
                978-3-8055-7372-6
                978-3-318-00813-5
                0253-5068
                1421-9735
                2002
                2002
                17 January 2002
                : 20
                : 1
                : 87-92
                Affiliations
                Nephrology and Dialysis Unit, San Giovanni Bosco Hospital, Turin, Italy
                Article
                46990 Blood Purif 2002;20:87–92
                10.1159/000046990
                11803164
                © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 7, References: 15, Pages: 6
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/46990
                Categories
                Paper

                Comments

                Comment on this article