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      Análise do nível de coesão de grupo e do estresse psicológico pré-competitivo de atletas adultos de voleibol Translated title: Analysis of group cohesion levels and pre-competitive psychological stress in volleyball athletes

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          Este estudo objetivou analisar o nível de coesão de grupo e o estresse psicológico pré-competitivo de atletas adultos de voleibol. Foram sujeitos 155 atletas do gênero masculino e feminino do Estado do Paraná que disputaram a fase final do JAPS 2010/divisão principal (A) e acesso (B). Como instrumentos, utilizaram-se o Questionário de Ambiente de Grupo (QAG) e o Teste de Estresse Psíquico para o Voleibol (TEP-V). Para análise dos dados, aplicaramse-se o alfa de Cronbach, teste Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Mann-Whitney, Anova One Way e Post Hoc de Tuckey (p<0,05). Os resultados evidenciaram: os atletas da divisão A foram mais influenciados negativamente pelos fatores de estresse em comparação aos atletas da divisão B; os jogadores da divisão B apresentaram níveis mais altos de coesão de grupo que os atletas da divisão A, nas dimensões de atração individual para o grupo social (p=0,014) e tarefa (p=0,016); os atletas com baixo nível de coesão social foram influenciados negativamente pelos fatores de "Condicionamento físico inadequado" e "Nervosismo excessivo"; atletas com baixo nível de coesão para a tarefa foram influenciados negativamente pelo fator de "Pressão de outras pessoas para ganhar" e positivamente pelo fator "Comportamento da torcida no jogo fora". Concluiu-se: a coesão de grupo demonstra ser um fator interveniente no estresse pré-competitivo, indicando que quanto mais alta a categoria de disputa mais a influência negativa do estresse.

          Translated abstract

          This descriptive study was designed to analyze the level of group cohesion and pre-competitive psychological stress of adult volleyball athletes. The subjects consisted of 155 male and female athletes from the state of Parana who played in the JAPS/ 1st division (A), and 2nd division (B). The assessment instruments used were the Group Environment Questionnaire (GEQ) and the Volleyball Psychic Stress Test (V-PST). For data analysis, the following tools were used: Cronbach's alpha, Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Mann-Whitney, one-way Anova, and Tukey's post hoc (p<0.05). The results revealed that athletes of division A were more negatively influenced by stress factors than the athletes of division B; in terms of individual attraction to the social group (p=0.014) and tasks (p=0016) athletes of division B had higher levels of group cohesion than athletes from division A; athletes with low social cohesion were negatively impacted by factors of "inappropriate physical conditioning" and "excessive nervousness;" athletes with low levels of cohesion for the task were negatively influenced by the factors of "Pressure from other people to win" and positively by the factor "Behavior of the fans in the game outside." It was concluded that group cohesion is demonstrated to be an intervening factor in pre-competitive stress thereby demonstrating that the higher the dispute level, the higher the negative influence of stress.

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                Author and article information

                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria & Desempenho Humano
                Rev. bras. cineantropom. desempenho hum.
                Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (Florianópolis )
                December 2012
                : 14
                : 6
                : 704-712
                [1 ] Universidade Estadual de Maringá Brazil


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