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      Molecular dissection of host cell invasion by the Apicomplexans: the glideosome

      Parasite

      EDP Sciences

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          Abstract

          Gliding motility is an essential and fascinating apicomplexan-typical adaptation to an intracellular lifestyle. Apicomplexan parasites rely on gliding motility for their migration across biological barriers and for host cell invasion and egress. This unusual substratedependent mode of locomotion involves the concerted action of secretory adhesins, a myosin motor, factors regulating actin dynamics and proteases. During invasion, complexes of soluble and transmembrane micronemes proteins (MICs) and rhoptry neck proteins (RONs) are discharged to the apical pole of the parasite, some protein acts as adhesins and bind to host cell receptors whereas others are involved in the moving junction formation. These complexes redistribute towards the posterior pole of the parasite via a physical connection to the parasite actomyosin system and are eventually released from the parasite surface by the action of parasite proteases.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Parasite
          Parasite
          EDP Sciences
          1252-607X
          1776-1042
          September 2008
          September 2008
          : 15
          : 3
          : 197-205
          Article
          10.1051/parasite/2008153197
          18814681
          © 2008

          This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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          Self URI (journal page): http://www.parasite-journal.org/

          Parasitology, Life sciences

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