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      Attitude Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help Among Community-Dwelling Population in China

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          Abstract

          Objective

          To explore the attitudes and factors in seeking professional psychological help among a Chinese community-dwelling population in order to promote positive help-seeking behaviors and better utilization of mental health services.

          Methods

          Using system and simple random sampling with Kish selection table methods, 912 community-dwelling residents were included in this study and asked about their attitudes toward seeking professional psychological help, depression symptoms, family function, depression literacy, help-seeking intention, and stigma.

          Results

          Scores on the Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help scale (ATSPPH-SF) indicated a neutral attitude toward openness to seeking treatment for psychological problems and a negative attitude toward the value and need to seek treatment with a negative total score. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that gender, age, social support (employment status and family function), depression literacy, stigma, and help-seeking intention are significantly associated with attitude toward seeking professional psychological help.

          Conclusion

          The overall attitude toward seeking professional psychological help is not optimistic, thus, more efforts are needed to enhance understanding. Effective interventions including mental health education, training of mental health professionals, and popularizing the use of mental health services are essential, especially for the at-risk population.

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          Most cited references 68

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          The family APGAR: a proposal for a family function test and its use by physicians.

           G Smilkstein (1978)
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            Stigma about Depression and its Impact on Help-Seeking Intentions

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              Predictors of depression stigma

              Background To investigate and compare the predictors of personal and perceived stigma associated with depression. Method Three samples were surveyed to investigate the predictors: a national sample of 1,001 Australian adults; a local community sample of 5,572 residents of the Australian Capital Territory and Queanbeyan aged 18 to 50 years; and a psychologically distressed subset (n = 487) of the latter sample. Personal and Perceived Stigma were measured using the two subscales of the Depression Stigma Scale. Potential predictors included demographic variables (age, gender, education, country of birth, remoteness of residence), psychological distress, awareness of Australia's national depression initiative beyondblue, depression literacy and level of exposure to depression. Not all predictors were used for all samples. Results Personal stigma was consistently higher among men, those with less education and those born overseas. It was also associated with greater current psychological distress, lower prior contact with depression, not having heard of a national awareness raising initiative, and lower depression literacy. These findings differed from those for perceived stigma except for psychological distress which was associated with both higher personal and higher perceived stigma. Remoteness of residence was not associated with either type of stigma. Conclusion The findings highlight the importance of treating the concepts of personal and perceived stigma separately in designing measures of stigma, in interpreting the pattern of findings in studies of the predictors of stigma, and in designing, interpreting the impact of and disseminating interventions for stigma.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Front Psychiatry
                Front Psychiatry
                Front. Psychiatry
                Frontiers in Psychiatry
                Frontiers Media S.A.
                1664-0640
                14 May 2020
                2020
                : 11
                Affiliations
                1School of Health Sciences, Wuhan University , Wuhan, China
                2Affiliated Mental Health Center, Tongji Medical College of Huazhong, University of Science & Technology , Wuhan, China
                3Department of Psychiatry, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University , Wuhan, China
                Author notes

                Edited by: Paul R. Courtney, University of Gloucestershire, United Kingdom

                Reviewed by: Yuen Yu Chong, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, China; Philip Batterham, Australian National University, Australia

                *Correspondence: Xiao Qin Wang, xiaoqin_wang78@ 123456163.com ; Bing Xiang Yang, yangbingxiang82@ 123456163.com

                This article was submitted to Public Mental Health, a section of the journal Frontiers in Psychiatry

                †These authors share first authorship

                Article
                10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00417
                7240032
                Copyright © 2020 Chen, Liu, Wang, Yang, Ruan and Liu

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 5, Equations: 0, References: 82, Pages: 10, Words: 6299
                Funding
                Funded by: National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program) 10.13039/501100012166
                Funded by: Humanities and Social Science Fund of Ministry of Education of China 10.13039/501100013139
                Funded by: Health and Family Planning Commission of Hubei Province 10.13039/501100010846
                Categories
                Psychiatry
                Original Research

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