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      QLBT: A linear Boltzmann transport model for heavy quarks in a quark-gluon plasma of quasi-particles

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          Abstract

          We develop a new heavy quark transport model, QLBT, to simulate the dynamical propagation of heavy quarks inside the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) created in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. Our QLBT model is based on the linear Boltzmann transport (LBT) model with the ideal QGP replaced by a collection of quasi-particles to account for the non-perturbative interactions among quarks and gluons of the hot QGP. The thermal masses of quasi-particles are fitted to the equation of state from lattice QCD simulations using the Bayesian statistical analysis method. Combining QLBT with our advanced hybrid fragmentation-coalescence hadronization approach, we calculate the nuclear modification factor \(R_\mathrm{AA}\) and the elliptic flow \(v_2\) of \(D\) mesons at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider and the Large Hadron Collider. By comparing our QLBT calculation to the experimental data on the \(D\) meson \(R_\mathrm{AA}\) and \(v_2\), we extract the heavy quark transport parameter \(\hat{q}\) and diffusion coefficient \(D_\mathrm{s}\) in the temperature range of \(1-4~T_\mathrm{c}\), and compare them with the lattice QCD results and other phenomenological studies.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          24 July 2021
          Article
          2107.11713

          http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

          Custom metadata
          13 pages, 9 figures
          hep-ph nucl-ex nucl-th

          High energy & Particle physics, Nuclear physics

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