17 November 2020
Identifying the genetic basis of airflow limitation is one of the most interesting issues for understanding chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) pathophysiology. Several studies have shown that some genetic variants associated with COPD have been identified in genome-wide association study (GWAS), especially in patients with moderate to severe COPD; genetic susceptibility for airflow limitation in the early COPD phase has not been widely studied.
The present study analyzed Gene-environment interaction and phenotype (GENIE) cohort that included participants who received health screening examination. The association between single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and susceptibility to early COPD (FEV1 predicted ≥50% and FEV1/FVC <0.7) was tested.
A total of 130 patients with early COPD and 3478 controls (1700 ever smokers and 1778 never smokers) were recruited. When compared with the total controls, certain SNPs (rs2818103, rs875033, rs9354627, rs34552148) on chromosome 6 were included at the top of our list (p= 5.6 × 10–7 ~9.6 × 10–6) although they did not reach genome-wide significance. When compared with the never smoker controls, two SNPs (rs2857210, rs2621419) of the HLA-DQB2 gene class were persistently associated with susceptibility to early COPD.