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      Pulsatility of Serum LH in Pathological Conditions

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          Abstract

          LH pulsatility changes throughout the normal menstrual cycle. The number of LH pulses increases during the first days after menstruation, remains unchanged thereafter until after ovulation and declines progressively during the luteal phase. LH pulse amplitude is highest during midcycle. In hypothalamic amenorrhea, gonadotropin levels are reduced. This appears to be a consequence of a reduction of hypothalamic Gn-RH secretion which is reflected by a diminished frequency and amplitude of LH pulses during the 24-hour span. Administration of an opiate antagonist, naloxone, increases LH pulse frequency in those patients, and in patients with secondary hypothalamic amenorrhea the daily oral administration of naltrexone, another specific opiate antagonist, induces ovulatory cycles. Patients suffering from hyperandrogenemia may present with eumenorrhea, oligomenorrhea or amenorrhea. There is an increase in mean LH levels and of the LH/FSH ratio with increasing severity of the ovarian disturbance. The increase in mean LH levels is a consequence of an increase in LH pulse amplitude while LH pulse frequency is not changed compared to the early follicular phase of the menstrual cycle.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-4822-9
          978-3-318-01956-8
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1987
          1987
          28 November 2008
          : 28
          : 2-4
          : 139-148
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Academic Teaching Hospital, Darmstadt, and bDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Erlangen, FRG
          Article
          180937 Horm Res 1987;28:139–148
          10.1159/000180937
          3454343
          © 1987 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 10
          Categories
          Recent Advances in the Pharmacological Control of Gonadal Function

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