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Physiotherapeutic intervention on chronic lumbar pain impact in the elderly Translated title: Neuralgia do aurículotemporal primária. Relato de caso

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      ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Geriatric population is considerably increasing. However, musculoskeletal disorders, especially chronic low back pain, which is one of the most common complaints during outpatient assistance, seem to grow together with this phenomenon and physiotherapy may be an alternative to treat such pathology. This study aimed at reviewing in the literature information about physiotherapeutic management for chronic low back pain in the elderly. CONTENTS: Twenty-six articles were selected by means of a query with research keywords in electronic databases Scielo and Pubmed, published in Portuguese and English, using the keywords low back pain ( dor lombar ), chronic pain ( dor crônica ), physical therapy specialty ( fisioterapia ) and aged ( idoso ), and published between 2006 and 2015. CONCLUSION: Different physiotherapeutic techniques and resources are effective to manage the impact of low back pain in the elderly, such as kinesiotherapy (especially by means of stabilizing exercises), electrotherapy, hydrotherapy and individual education management.

      Translated abstract

      RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A população geriátrica vem crescendo consideravelmente nos últimos tempos. Contudo, os distúrbios osteomioarticulares, especialmente a dor lombar crônica, que é uma das queixas mais comuns nos atendimentos ambulatoriais, parecem crescer juntamente com esse fenômeno e a fisioterapia pode servir como alternativa no tratamento dessa doença. O objetivo deste estudo foi revisar na literatura informações a respeito do tratamento fisioterapêutico no impacto da dor lombar crônica em idosos. CONTEÚDO: Foram selecionados 26 artigos por meio de uma consulta de indexadores de pesquisa nas bases de dados eletrônicos Scielo e Pubmed publicados nas línguas portuguesa e inglesa partindo dos descritores dor lombar (low back pain), dor crônica (chronic pain), fisioterapia (physical therapy specialty) e idoso (aged), publicados no período de 2006 à 2015. CONCLUSÃO: Diversas técnicas e recursos fisioterapêuticos atuam com eficiência no tratamento do impacto da dor lombar crônica em idosos, como a cinesioterapia (especialmente por meio de exercícios estabilizadores), a eletroterapia, a hidroterapia e a gestão na educação do indivíduo.

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      Most cited references 26

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      The impact of chronic low back pain on older adults: a comparative study of patients and controls.

      Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is one of the most common, poorly understood, and potentially disabling chronic pain conditions from which older adults suffer. Many older adults remain quite functional despite CLBP, and because age-related comorbidities often exist independently of pain (e.g., medical illnesses, sleep disturbance, mobility difficulty), the unique impact of CLBP is unknown. We conducted this research to identify the multidimensional factors that distinguish independent community dwelling older adults with CLBP from those that are pain-free. Three hundred twenty cognitively intact participants (162 with moderate pain for 3 months, and 158 pain-free) underwent comprehensive assessment of pain severity, medical comorbidity (illnesses, body mass index, medications), severity of degenerative disc and facet disease, lumbar flexion, psychological constructs (self-efficacy, mood, overall mental health), and self-reported as well as performance-based physical function. Significant differences were ascertained for all 22 measures. Discriminant function analysis revealed that eight measures uniquely maximized the separation between the two groups (self-reported function with the Functional Status Index and the SF-36, performance-based function with repetitive trunk rotation and functional reach, mood with the Geriatric Depression Scale, comorbidity with the Cumulative Illness Rating Scale and BMI, and severity of degenerative disc disease). These results should help to guide investigators that perform studies of CLBP in older adults and practitioners that want an easily adaptable battery for use in clinical settings.
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        Specific stabilisation exercise for spinal and pelvic pain: a systematic review.

        The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the efficacy of specific stabilisation exercise for spinal and pelvic pain. Randomised clinical trials evaluating specific stabilisation exercise were identified and retrieved. Outcomes were disability, pain, return to work, number of episodes, global perceived effect, or health-related quality of life. A single trial reported that specific stabilisation exercise was more effective than no treatment but not more effective than spinal manipulative therapy for the management of cervicogenic headache and associated neck pain. Single trials reported that specific stabilisation exercise was effective for pelvic pain and for prevention of recurrence after an acute episode of low back pain but not to reduce pain or disability associated with acute low back pain. Pooled analyses revealed that, for chronic low back pain, specific stabilisation exercise was superior to usual medical care and education but not to manipulative therapy, and no additional effect was found when specific stabilisation exercise was added to a conventional physiotherapy program. A single trial reported that specific stabilisation exercise and a surgical procedure to reduce pain and disability in chronic low back pain were equally effective. The available evidence suggests that specific stabilisation exercise is effective in reducing pain and disability in chronic but not acute low back pain. Single trials indicate that specific stabilisation exercise can be helpful in the treatment of cervicogenic headache and associated neck pain, pelvic pain, and in reducing recurrence after acute low back pain.
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          Perfil dos Idosos responsáveis pelos domicílios


            Author and article information

            [1 ] Universidade de Passo Fundo Brazil
            [2 ] Universidade de Passo Fundo Brazil
            [3 ] Universidade de Passo Fundo Brazil
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Revista Dor
            Rev. dor
            Sociedade Brasileira para o Estudo da Dor (São Paulo )
            December 2015
            : 16
            : 4
            : 302-305


            Product Information: SciELO Brazil


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