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      On the quality control of traded saffron by means of transmission Fourier-transform mid-infrared (FT-MIR) spectroscopy and chemometrics.

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          Abstract

          The present study aimed to extend application of the FT-MIR technique to the quality control of traded saffron that suffers various types of fraud or mislabelling. Spectroscopic data were obtained for samples stored for different periods in the dark. Samples with the highest quality according to ISO 3632 specifications produced a typical spectrum profile (reference set). Principal Component Analysis (PCA) of spectroscopic data for this set along with HPLC-DAD analysis of major apocarotenoids assisted identification of FT-IR bands that carry information about desirable sensory properties that weaken during storage. The band at 1028cm(-1), associated with the presence of glucose moieties, along with intensities in the region 1175-1157cm(-1), linked with breakage of glycosidic bonds, were the most useful for diagnostic monitoring of storage effects on the evaluation and test set samples. FT-IR was found to be a promising, sensitive and rapid tool in the fight against saffron fraud.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Food Chem
          Food chemistry
          Elsevier BV
          1873-7072
          0308-8146
          May 01 2014
          : 150
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Technology, School of Chemistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (LFCT, AUTH), Thessaloniki 54124, Greece.
          [2 ] Centro de Investigación Agraria de Albaladejito (CIAA), 16194 Cuenca, Spain.
          [3 ] Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Technology, School of Chemistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (LFCT, AUTH), Thessaloniki 54124, Greece. Electronic address: tsimidou@chem.auth.gr.
          Article
          S0308-8146(13)01637-3
          10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.11.014
          24360470
          a449bf53-9dda-43b0-a6ed-777ea7806a1b
          History

          Principal Component Analysis,FT-IR,Storage,Saffron,Quality control

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