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Vibrational resonance in groundwater-dependent plant ecosystems

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      Abstract

      We report the phenomenon of vibrational resonance in a single species and a two species models of groundwater-dependent plant ecosystems with a biharmonic oscillation (with two widely different frequencies \omega and \Omega, \Omega >> \omega) of the water table depth. In these two systems, the response amplitude of the species biomass shows multiple resonances with different mechanisms. The resonance occurs at both low- and high-frequencies of the biharmonic force. In the single species bistable system, the resonance occurs at discrete values of the amplitude g of the high-frequency component of the water table. Furthermore, the best synchronization of biomass and its carrying capacity with the biharmonic force occurs at the resonance. In the two species excitable and time-delay model, the response amplitude (Q) profile shows several plateau regions of resonance, where the period of evolution of the species biomass remains the same and the value of Q is inversely proportional to it. The response amplitude is highly sensitive to the time-delay parameter \tau and shows two distinct sequences of resonance intervals with a decreasing amplitude with \tau.

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      Catastrophic shifts in ecosystems.

      All ecosystems are exposed to gradual changes in climate, nutrient loading, habitat fragmentation or biotic exploitation. Nature is usually assumed to respond to gradual change in a smooth way. However, studies on lakes, coral reefs, oceans, forests and arid lands have shown that smooth change can be interrupted by sudden drastic switches to a contrasting state. Although diverse events can trigger such shifts, recent studies show that a loss of resilience usually paves the way for a switch to an alternative state. This suggests that strategies for sustainable management of such ecosystems should focus on maintaining resilience.
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        Stochastic resonance

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          Coherence Resonance in a Noise-Driven Excitable System

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            2013-04-15
            1304.4170

            http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

            Custom metadata
            35 pages, 10 figures
            nlin.CD q-bio.PE

            Evolutionary Biology, Nonlinear & Complex systems

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