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      Prostanoids Contribute to Endothelium-Dependent Coronary Vasodilation in Guinea Pigs

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          Abstract

          This study characterizes the contribution of prostanoids to endothelium-dependent responses in two vascular regions of the guinea pig. We compared the mechanisms of relaxation responses to acetylcholine and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in the coronary vasculature and in the abdominal aorta of the guinea pig. Endothelium-dependent responses were examined in an isolated, potassium-arrested guinea pig heart utilizing a modified Lan-gendorff preparation. Coronary vessels were constricted with prostaglandin F<sub>2α</sub> and dilated with acetylcholine (10<sup>–9</sup>10<sup>–6</sup> mol) or ATP (10<sup>–10</sup>–10<sup>–7</sup> mol) before and after exposure to indomethacin (14 µ M, n = 6) or ibuprofen (150 µ M, n = 5). Helically cut strips of abdominal aorta (n = 6) were suspended in isolated tissue baths for measurement of isometric force. Relaxation to acetylcholine (5.5 × 10<sup>–7</sup> M) and ATP (10<sup>–5</sup> M) was quantified in strips contracted with norepinephrine before and after exposure to indomethacin (14 µ M). In addition, the endothelium was damaged by exposing vessels to free radicals generated by electrolysis of the buffer (4 Hz, 9 V, 1 ms, 5 min). Following electrolysis of the buffer, relaxation responses to acetylcholine and ATP were significantly attenuated in both preparations. In the perfused heart, endothelium-dependent dilatation to acetylcholine, but not ATP were significantly inhibited in the presence of indomethacin or ibuprofen. In contrast, acetylcholine- and ATP-induced relaxation responses in the aorta were not altered by indomethacin. We conclude that prostaglandins contribute to acetylcholine-induced dilatation in the coronary bed but not in the abdominal aorta of the guinea pig. Furthermore, in the coronary bed, different endothelial factors mediate relaxation to acetylcholine and ATP.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1990
          1990
          23 September 2008
          : 27
          : 6
          : 341-351
          Affiliations
          Department of Physiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Mich., USA
          Article
          158828 Blood Vessels 1990;27:341–351
          10.1159/000158828
          © 1990 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 11
          Categories
          Research Paper

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