Encrustations of ureteral stents are one of the biggest problems with urological implants. Crystalline biofilms can occur alone or in combination with bacterial biofilms. To identify which surface parameters provide guidance for the development of novel stent materials, we used an in vitro encrustation system. Synthetic urine with increasing pH to simulate an infection situation was pumped over the polymer samples with adjusted flow rates at 37 °C to mimic the native body urine flow. Chemical surface features (contact angle, surface charge), as well as encrustations were characterized. The encrustations on the materials were analyzed quantitatively (dry mass) and qualitatively using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The aim of this comparative study was to identify crucial surface parameters that might predict the quantity and type of mineral deposits in vitro and provide guidance for the development and screening of new polymer-based biomaterials for ureteral stent design. For the first time, we could identify that, within the range of our polymers, those materials with a slight hydrophilicity and a strong negative zeta potential (around −60 mV) were most favorable for use as ureteral stent materials, as the deposition of crystalline biofilms was minimized.