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      The Examination of Nutritional Status for Seniors Living in Social Institutions

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      Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention

      Journal of Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention

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          Abstract

          introduction: Elderly nutrition is affected by a variety of different factors. In the case of seniors living in institutional care nutrition remains underestimated although the nutritional status has a significant impact on their living in the institution and is an indicator of the quality of care. methodology: In March 2012, with the help of trained nurses we surveyed the nutritional status of all residents of the Seniors Facilities. As of 6 March 2012, there were 147 residents of av erage age 79.4 years: the youngest resident was 58 years old; the oldest female resident was 94 years old. There were 103 women (70.1%) with an average age of 80 years and 44 men (29.9%) with average age 77.8 years. We examined all residents using the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form(MNA-SF®). Based on the results we have categorized them as: malnourished (0–7 points); risk of malnutrition (8–11 points); normal nutritional status (12–14 points). The results in single categories were evaluated by chi-square test and by determining the level of significance p. results: When assessing nutrition through the MNA-SF® test, 51.7% of our seniors had normal nutritional status and over one third of the population (34.7%) was at risk of malnutrition. Comparing the files by age (category < 80 years versus category ≥ 80 years) was statistically significant. Comparison of malnutrition and malnutrition risk scores (0–11 points) versus the population of a normal dietary status (12–14 points) by age (category < 80 years versus category ≥ 80 years) was statistically significant. conclusion: Nutritional disorders are very common among seniors living in institutions. The nutritional status of our seniors living in social institutions is not optimal, with 34.7% of people at risk of malnutrition; 13.6% of malnourished people in our set. Regular nutritional assessment should be a routine activity allowing to identify early signs of nutritional disorder and to implement preventive measures.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention
          cswhi
          Journal of Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention
          2222386X
          20769741
          November 06 2020
          September 30 2020
          November 06 2020
          September 30 2020
          : 11
          : 3
          : 85-91
          Article
          10.22359/cswhi_11_3_14
          © 2020

          This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

          Psychology, Social & Behavioral Sciences

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