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      Determinantes espaciais e socioeconômicos do suicídio no Brasil: uma abordagem regional

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          Abstract

          A Organização Mundial da Saúde avalia o suicídio como um problema de saúde pública, estando entre as dez causas mais frequentes de morte, além de ser a segunda ou terceira causa de morte entre 15 e 34 anos de idade. Estimativas mostram que para cada suicídio, existem pelo menos dez tentativas suficientemente sérias que exigem atenção médica e para cada tentativa de suicídio registrada, existem quatro não conhecidas. O objetivo desse artigo é avaliar os determinantes socioeconômicos das taxas de suicídio por microrregiões brasileiras, levando em consideração aspectos espaciais do problema. A hipótese desse artigo é que existe um "efeito contágio" espacial para o suicídio, ou seja, as taxas de suicídio dos vizinhos de uma microrregião são importantes determinantes do comportamento dessa variável em outra microrregião. Para tal, são usadas técnicas de econometria espacial que permitem avaliar se existe dependência espacial entre as taxas de suicídio das microrregiões.

          Translated abstract

          Suicide is considered a public health issued by the World Health Organization. Suicide is amongst the ten most frequent causes of death in all ages, in addition to being the second or third cause of death between 15 and 34 years of age. Estimates show that for every suicide there are at least ten suicides attempts that require medical attention and for every suicide attempt recorded, four are not known. The aim of this paper is to analyze the socioeconomic determinants of suicide rates for Brazilian micro-regions, taking into account spatial aspects of the problem. The hypothesis of this paper is that there is a "spatial contagion effect" for suicide, that is to say, the neighborhood suicide rates are an important determinant of the regional suicide rate. This is achieved by the use of spatial econometrics techniques to assess whether there is spatial dependence for suicide rates in micro-regions.

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          Most cited references48

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          Multivariate statistical metods: a primer

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            Análise de dados qualitativos: estratégias metodológicas para ciências da saúde, humanas e sociais

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              Spatial Externalities, Spatial Multipliers, And Spatial Econometrics

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                neco
                Nova Economia
                Nova econ.
                Nova Economia (Belo Horizonte )
                1980-5381
                August 2011
                : 21
                : 2
                : 281-316
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora Brazil
                Article
                S0103-63512011000200005
                10.1590/S0103-63512011000200005
                a56b1803-98bf-4d8f-b254-aa1c7a1b1072

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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                Product Information: website
                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=0103-6351&lng=en
                Categories
                ECONOMICS

                General economics
                mortality,suicide rates,spatial econometrics,Brazil,mortalidade,taxas de suicídio,econometria espacial,Brasil

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