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      Statistical analysis of software development models by six-pointed star framework

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      PLoS ONE
      Public Library of Science

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          Abstract

          Software Development Process Model (SDPM) develops software according to the needs of the client within the defined budget and time. There are many software development models such as waterfall, Iterative, Rapid Application Development (RAD), Spiral, Agile, Z, and AZ model. Each development model follows a series of steps to develop a product. Each model has its strengths and weaknesses. In this study, we have investigated different software development process models using the six-pointed star framework. Six-point star is a framework of project management industry standards maintained by Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK). A survey is designed to evaluate the performance of well-known software process models in the context of factors defined by the six-point star framework. The survey is conducted with experienced users of the software industry. The statistical analysis and comparison of results obtained by the survey are further used to examine the effectiveness of each model for the development of high-quality software concerning lightweight and heavyweight methodologies for small, medium and large scale projects. After exploring the results of all factors of the six-pointed star model, we conclude that lightweight methodology easily handles small-scale projects. The heavyweight methodology is suitable for medium and large-scale projects, whereas the AZ model, which is one of the latest models, works efficiently with both small-scale and large-scale categories of projects.

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          Most cited references26

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          Agile Software Development: Adaptive Systems Principles and Best Practices

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            A comparison between three SDLC models waterfall model, spiral model, and Incremen-tal/Iterative model

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              Improving the Quality of Software Development Process by Introducing a New Methodology–AZ-Model

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: Data curationRole: Writing – original draft
                Role: ConceptualizationRole: MethodologyRole: Supervision
                Role: SupervisionRole: Writing – review & editing
                Role: Editor
                Journal
                PLoS One
                PLoS One
                plos
                PLoS ONE
                Public Library of Science (San Francisco, CA USA )
                1932-6203
                1 April 2022
                2022
                : 17
                : 4
                Affiliations
                [001] Department of Computer Science, Bahria University, Lahore, Pakistan
                GC Women University Sialkot, PAKISTAN
                Author notes

                Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

                Article
                PONE-D-21-05435
                10.1371/journal.pone.0264420
                8975137
                35363771
                a586fc55-c73c-4918-9451-0cc03f2c0c12
                © 2022 Alam et al

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Figures: 13, Tables: 7, Pages: 17
                Product
                Funding
                The author(s) received no specific funding for this work.
                Categories
                Research Article
                Computer and Information Sciences
                Software Engineering
                Software Development
                Engineering and Technology
                Software Engineering
                Software Development
                Computer and Information Sciences
                Software Engineering
                Computer Software
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                Software Engineering
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