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      Hemodynamic Comparison of Medtronic Intact Bioprostheses and Bileaf let Mechanical Prostheses in Aortic Position

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          Abstract

          Hemodynamic properties of both bioprostheses and mechanical valves have improved over the years, however, direct comparison between second-generation porcine and bileaflet valves is rare. Therefore, by the mean of Doppler echocardiography, we determined hemodynamic performances in 45 patients with Medtronic Intact bioprostheses in the aortic position and in 67 patients with bileaflet mechanical valves. Differences in pressure gradients between the two groups were essentially attributable to differences in annulus size. Indeed when the transvalvular gradient was stratified according to annulus size, mean values were no longer significantly different between Medtronic Intact porcine valves and bileaflet mechanical valves for each annulus size. In conclusion, Medtronic Intact bioprostheses in the aortic position exhibit similar hemodynamic characteristics compared to bileaflet mechanical valves.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1996
          1996
          19 November 2008
          : 87
          : 3
          : 212-215
          Affiliations
          Cardiology Center, University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland
          Article
          177089 Cardiology 1996;87:212–215
          10.1159/000177089
          8725316
          a59e15b8-e8e3-4e35-9eb6-6a272c86960c
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          History
          : 20 February 1995
          : 17 July 1995
          Page count
          Pages: 4
          Categories
          Cardiac Surgery

          General medicine,Neurology,Cardiovascular Medicine,Internal medicine,Nephrology
          Doppler echocardiography,Medtronic Intact,Bioprosthesis,Pressure gradients,Aortic valve,Mechanical prosthesis

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