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      Photoperoxidation in Lens and Cataract Formation: Preventive Role of Superoxide Dismutase, Catalase and Vitamin C

      research-article
      , ,
      Ophthalmic Research
      S. Karger AG
      Cataract, Ascorbic acid, Superoxide, Superoxide dismutase, Catalase, H2O2 , Lens

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          Abstract

          Exposure of rat lens to fluorescent daylight (150 ft candles) under tissue culture conditions led to a substantial lipid peroxidation as evidenced by the formation of malonaldehyde (MDA). MDA content of lenses incubated overnight in presence of such light was approximately sixfold of that in the control lenses cultured in the dark. These cultures were maintained in physiological medium resembling aqueous humor which does not contain any additional photoactive component. Thus, the lens in its physiological surroundings is susceptible to photoperoxidation by light of wavelengths which freely penetrate the eye. Photoperoxidation could be thwarted by superoxide dismutase, catalase, and ascorbate, suggesting that the observed peroxidative degradation is initiated by photocatalytic generation of superoxide and its subsequent derivation to other potent oxidants. These studies provide for the first time suggestive evidence that senile cataract development may in part be linked to the in vivo photochemical generation of superoxide and other potent oxidants in the aqueous humor and lens derived from the ambient oxygen and light; and ascorbate which is maintained at high levels in this fluid by virtue of its active transport from plasma, is physiologically important in preventing the deleterious action of these potent oxidants. The studies thus indicate for the first time the possibilities of a hitherto unrecognized role of ascorbate against cataracts and other age-, light- and oxygen-dependent ocular abnormalities. In addition, the study re-emphasizes the role of tissue catalase and superoxide dismutase in the prevention of photoperoxidative damages to the tissue.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          ORE
          Ophthalmic Res
          10.1159/issn.0030-3747
          Ophthalmic Research
          S. Karger AG
          0030-3747
          1423-0259
          1982
          1982
          04 December 2009
          : 14
          : 3
          : 167-175
          Affiliations
          Department of Ophthalmology, University of Maryland Medical School, Baltimore, Md., USA
          Article
          265189 Ophthalmic Res 1982;14:167–175
          10.1159/000265189
          7099536
          a5b672d8-b729-4828-b948-6d54be22caa5
          © 1982 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          History
          : 28 January 1981
          : 29 June 1981
          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Vision sciences,Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pathology
          Superoxide dismutase,Lens,Cataract,Ascorbic acid,Catalase,H2O2 ,Superoxide

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