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Patient-reported measures of quality of life and functional capacity in adhesive capsulitis Translated title: Medidas relatadas pelos pacientes sobre qualidade de vida e capacidade funcional em capsulite adesiva

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      Abstract

      Summary Objective: To evaluate patient-reported measures of quality of life and functional capacity in adhesive capsulitis before and after suprascapular nerve block treatment; to analyze the influence of clinical and sociodemographic variables on both the outcome and correlation between the respective instruments. Method: A prospective clinical study was performed with adhesive capsulitis patients. Inclusion criteria were clinical diagnosis of adhesive capsulitis and a shoulder imaging test. The WHOQOL-BREF and DASH instruments were administered before and after treatment. A Constant test score of 55 points was used as a cutoff point for discontinuation of treatment. Mean values were compared using paired t-test and Wilcoxon. The Pearson or Spearman coefficients were used for correlation analysis. Multiple linear regression analysis was carried out using variables with p<0.20 as predictors in univariate analysis and WHOQOL domains and DASH as outcomes. The significance level was 5%. Results: Forty-three patients were evaluated. The comparison between WHOQOL-BREF and DASH mean values before and after the blocks, p<0.05. DASH correlated negatively with the physical, psychological and environmental WHOQOL-BREF domains. Older patients and those with higher levels of education influenced the improvement in patients' quality of life and functional capacity. Conclusion: The improvement of adhesive capsulitis with treatment involves an improvement in quality of life and functional capacity. The greater functional capacity of the shoulder matches a better quality of life for patients. Age and education level are the variables that most influence improvement in quality of life and functional capacity.

      Translated abstract

      Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar as medidas relatadas pelos pacientes sobre qualidade de vida e capacidade funcional em capsulite adesiva antes e após tratamento com bloqueios do nervo supraescapular; analisar a influência das variáveis clínicas e sociodemográficas em ambos os desfechos e a correlação entre os respectivos instrumentos. Método: Estudo clínico prospectivo foi realizado em pacientes com capsulite adesiva. Os critérios de inclusão foram diagnóstico clínico de capsulite adesiva e realização de exames de imagem do ombro. Os instrumentos WHOQOL-BREF e DASH foram aplicados antes e após o tratamento. Utilizou-se o escore de Constant com ponto de corte em 55 para a interrupção do tratamento. As médias dos valores foram comparadas pelos testes t-pareado e Wilcoxon. Na análise de correlação foi utilizado o coeficiente de Pearson ou de Spearman. Foi realizada análise de regressão linear múltipla utilizando como preditoras as variáveis com p<0,20 na análise univariada e como desfechos os domínios do WHOQOL e o DASH. O nível de significância foi de 5%. Resultados: Foram avaliados 43 pacientes. A comparação entre as médias dos valores do WHOQOL-BREF e DASH antes e após os bloqueios apresentou um p<0,05. Houve correlação negativa entre o DASH e os domínios físico, psicológico e ambiental do WHOQOL-BREF. Os pacientes mais velhos e com maior grau de escolaridade influenciaram a melhora da qualidade de vida e capacidade funcional dos pacientes. Conclusão: A melhora da capsulite adesiva com o tratamento implica melhora da qualidade de vida e capacidade funcional. Quanto maior a capacidade funcional do ombro, melhor a qualidade de vida dos pacientes. A faixa etária e o grau de escolaridade são as variáveis que mais influenciam a melhora da qualidade de vida e capacidade funcional.

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      Frozen shoulder: a consensus definition.

      Frozen shoulder (FS) is a common diagnosis treated by orthopaedic surgeons and other physicians caring for musculoskeletal problems. However, there is no standard definition and classification for this common condition.
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        Effects of social support, hope and resilience on quality of life among Chinese bladder cancer patients: a cross-sectional study

        Background Improvement of quality of life has been one of goals in health care for people living with bladder cancer. Meanwhile, positive psycho-social variables in oncology field have increasingly received attention. However, the assessment of quality of life of bladder cancer patients and the integrative effects of positive psycho-social variables has limited reporting. The aim of this study was to assess quality of life as well as the integrative effects of social support, hope and resilience on quality of life among Chinese bladder cancer patients. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted at the First Hospital of China Medical University in Liaoning Province, China. A total of 365 bladder cancer patients eligible for this study completed questionnaires on demographic variables, FACT-BL, Perceived Social Support Scale, Adult Hope Scale, and Resilience Scale-14 during July 2013 to July 2014. Results The average score of FACT-BL was 87.60 ± 16.27 (Mean ± SD). Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that social support, hope and resilience as a whole accounted for 30.3 % variance of quality of life. Under standardized estimate (β) sequence, social support, hope and resilience significantly and positively associated with quality of life, respectively. Conclusions Quality of life for bladder cancer patients was at a low level in China, which should receive more attention in Chinese medical institutions. More importantly, efforts to increase social support, hope and resilience might be useful to support the quality of life among Chinese bladder cancer patients.
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          Frozen shoulder: the effectiveness of conservative and surgical interventions--systematic review.

          A variety of therapeutic interventions is available for restoring motion and diminishing pain in patients with frozen shoulder. An overview article concerning the evidence for the effectiveness of these interventions is lacking.
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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            Goiânia Goiás orgnameUniversidade Federal de Goiás orgdiv1Faculty of Medicine orgdiv2Department of Orthopedics/Traumatology Brazil
            Contributors
            Role: ND
            Journal
            ramb
            Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
            Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras.
            Associação Médica Brasileira (São Paulo, SP, Brazil )
            0104-4230
            1806-9282
            April 2017
            : 63
            : 4
            : 347-354
            S0104-42302017000400347 10.1590/1806-9282.63.04.347

            This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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            Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 29, Pages: 8
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            Product Information: SciELO Brazil

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