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      Long-Term Outcome of Paediatric Patients with Hereditary Tubular Disorders

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          Abstract

          Background: An increasing number of children with hereditary tubular disorders (HTD) reach adult life due to diagnostic and therapeutic advances which results in growing need to manage these patients by adult centres. Data on the prevalence and the late clinical problems of these patients are limited. Methods: We observed 177 paediatric patients with isolated or complex HTD between 1969 and 1994. The median age at the time of diagnosis was 3 (range 0–18) years and the median observation period 10 (range 1–43) years. The long-term outcomes with respect to renal function, bone disease, and body growth were analyzed. Results: The prevalence of HTD was 3.2% of all patients observed in our renal unit and 14% of those patients with chronic renal failure and/ or end-stage renal disease. The three most frequent disorders observed were nephropathic cystinosis (n = 34), X-linked hypophosphataemic rickets (n = 26), and idiopathic hypercalciuria (n = 17). At the last observation, 12% of the patients with isolated HTD and 30% of those with complex HTD had developed preterminal chronic renal failure; end-stage renal disease was observed in 5 and 25%, respectively (p < 0.001). Progressive disease occurred mainly in patients having cystinosis, primary hyperoxaluria, the syndrome of hypomagnesaemia/hypercalciuria, primary Fanconi syndrome, Fanconi-Bickel syndrome, and methylmalonic aciduria. Nephrocalcinosis was found in 42%, urolithiasis in 14%, bone deformities and/or fractures in 28%, and other extrarenal alterations in 29% of all patients. The median body height at last observation was 2.0 SD below the normal mean (range from –10.4 to +2.6), and the adult height was subnormal in 48% of 67 grown-up patients. Growth retardation was more severe in complex than in isolated HTD. The mortality decreased from 17% in 1969–1981 to 12% in 1982–1994. Conclusion: Although HTD are rare nephropathies, their frequently progressive course associated with extrarenal complications requires the attention of nephrologists beyond the paediatric age.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1999
          November 1999
          13 October 1999
          : 83
          : 3
          : 250-260
          Affiliations
          Department of Paediatrics, University of Heidelberg, Germany
          Article
          45518 Nephron 1999;83:250–260
          10.1159/000045518
          10529632
          © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 2, Tables: 4, References: 39, Pages: 11
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45518
          Categories
          Original Paper

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