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      Esteira com velocidade controlada para captação da marcha Translated title: Treadmill with controlled speed for recording gait

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          Abstract

          Métodos histológicos e eletrofisiológicos de avaliação da regeneração dos nervos periféricos não provêem dados sobre o real estado funcional do membro interessado, mesmo em condições experimentais controladas. Alguns métodos de avaliação funcional têm sido propostos, mas a correlação entre seus resultados e aqueles dos métodos histológicos e eletrofisiológicos ainda não está perfeitamente estabelecida, o que demanda maiores investigações. Estas, por outro lado, necessitam do aprimoramento dos métodos de captação, armazenamento e processamento dos dados obtidos. Neste trabalho foi desenvolvido uma esteira para caminhada de animais com velocidade controlada para captação das pegadas de ratos submetidos a diferentes tipos de lesão dos nervos ciático, peroneiro e tibial, obtidas numa trilha de marcha captada por uma webcam acoplada a esteira e a um microcomputador capaz de armazenar as marchas filmadas para posteriormente serem digitalizadas para avaliação funcional. A esteira desenvolvida possibilita a captação e filmagem das marchas tendo sido testado em estudos experimentais em andamento sobre lesões do nervo ciático do rato, submetido a diferentes formas de tratamento. Também permite ao pesquisador a captação da marcha com velocidade contínua controlada e pré-estabelecida pelo pesquisador anulando algumas variáveis que possam prejudicar os resultados da pesquisa, além de permitir a visualização imediata da marcha.

          Translated abstract

          Histological and electrophysiological methods for evaluation of peripheral nerve regeneration do not faithfully reproduce the functional index of limbs, even in controlled experimental conditions. Some methods of functional evaluation have been proposed, but their correlation to histological and electrophysiological data is not completely established, requiring more investigations with improvement of collection, management and processing of obtained data. In this study we developed a treadmill with controlled speed for recording footprint of rats submitted to different kinds of sciatic, fibular and tibial nerve lesions. The footprints were obtained on a walking track by means of a webcam connected to the treadmill and a computer with capacity to record the gait that will be submitted to functional evaluation. The developed treadmill allows the collection and filming of gaits and it has been tested in current experimental studies in rats with sciatic nerve lesion submitted to different kinds of treatment. The treadmill also enables researchers to record gait with constant, controlled and pre-established speed, with the possibility of direct visualization through the treadmill wall. In this manner, some variables that could damage the results of the research are resolved.

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          Most cited references 20

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          An index of the functional condition of rat sciatic nerve based on measurements made from walking tracks.

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            A sensitive and reliable locomotor rating scale for open field testing in rats.

            Behavioral assessment after spinal cord contusion has long focused on open field locomotion using modifications of a rating scale developed by Tarlov and Klinger (1954). However, on-going modifications by several groups have made interlaboratory comparison of locomotor outcome measures difficult. The purpose of the present study was to develop an efficient, expanded, and unambiguous locomotor rating scale to standardize locomotor outcome measures across laboratories. Adult rats (n = 85) were contused at T7-9 cord level with an electromagnetic or weight drop device. Locomotor behavior was evaluated before injury, on the first or second postoperative day, and then for up to 10 weeks. Scoring categories and attributes were identified, operationally defined, and ranked based on the observed sequence of locomotor recovery patterns. These categories formed the Basso, Beattie, Bresnahan (BBB) Locomotor Rating Scale. The data indicate that the BBB scale is a valid and predictive measure of locomotor recovery able to distinguish behavioral outcomes due to different injuries and to predict anatomical alterations at the lesion center. Interrater reliability tests indicate that examiners with widely varying behavioral testing experience can apply the scale consistently and obtain similar scores. The BBB Locomotor Rating Scale offers investigators a more discriminating measure of behavioral outcome to evaluate treatments after spinal cord injury.
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              Is the Sciatic Functional Index always reliable and reproducible?

              The Sciatic Functional Index (SFI) is a quite useful tool for the evaluation of functional recovery of the sciatic nerve of rats in a number of experimental injuries and treatments. Although it is an objective method, it depends on the examiner's ability to adequately recognize and mark the previously established footprint key points, which is an entirely subjective step, thus potentially interfering with the calculations according to the mathematical formulae proposed by different authors. Thus, an interpersonal evaluation of the reproducibility of an SFI computer-aided method was carried out here to study data variability. A severe crush injury was produced on a 5 mm-long segment of the right sciatic nerve of 20 Wistar rats (a 5000 g load directly applied for 10 min) and the SFI was measured by four different examiners (an experienced one and three newcomers) preoperatively and at weekly intervals from the 1st to the 8th postoperative week. Three measurements were made for each print and the average was calculated and used for statistical analysis. The results showed that interpersonal correlation was high (0.82) in the 3rd, 4th, 5th, 7th and 8th weeks, with an unexpected but significant (p<0.01) drop in the 6th week. There was virtually no interpersonal correlation (correlation index close to 0) on the 1st and 2nd weeks, a period during which the variability between animals and examiners (p=0.24 and 0.32, respectively) was similar, certainly due to a poor definition of the footprints. The authors conclude that the SFI method studied here is only reliable from the 3rd week on after a severe lesion of the sciatic nerve of rats.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                aob
                Acta Ortopédica Brasileira
                Acta ortop. bras.
                ATHA EDITORA (São Paulo, SP, Brazil )
                1413-7852
                1809-4406
                2010
                : 18
                : 1
                : 49-53
                Affiliations
                São Paulo orgnameUniversidade de São Paulo orgdiv1Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto orgdiv2Departamento de Biomecânica, Medicina e Reabilitação do Aparelho Locomotor
                Article
                S1413-78522010000100010 S1413-7852(10)01800110

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 20, Pages: 5
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