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      Isolated diastolic hypertension. A favorable finding among young and middle-aged hypertensive subjects.

      1 , , ,

      Hypertension (Dallas, Tex. : 1979)

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          To identify pretreatment characteristics associated with subsequent myocardial infarction in young and middle-aged previously untreated hypertensive individuals, we examined the experience of 1560 participants in a work-site hypertension control program who were younger than 60 years. Subjects were categorized by initial blood pressure as having isolated diastolic hypertension (< 160/> or = 90 mm Hg, n = 965) or combined systolic and diastolic hypertension (> or = 160/> or = 90 mm Hg, n = 595). During 4.5 years of follow-up, there were 24 myocardial infarctions, yielding an overall incidence of 3.89 per 1000 person-years. Subjects with systolic/diastolic hypertension were older, had higher cholesterol and blood sugar levels, and included more smokers and people with left ventricular hypertrophy on electrocardiogram than those with isolated diastolic hypertension. Age-adjusted incidence rates for myocardial infarction were 5.20 and 2.21 per 1000 person-years in systolic/diastolic hypertension and isolated diastolic hypertension, respectively, and the relative risk of systolic/diastolic hypertension was 2.31 (95% confidence interval, 1.29-4.15). Among subjects with isolated diastolic hypertension, no myocardial infarction occurred in those with systolic pressure less than 140 mm Hg. Cox regression analysis including other known risk factors showed that pulse pressure, as a continuous variable (hazards ratio, 1.54; 95% confidence interval, 1.08-2.20), and type of hypertension, ie, systolic/diastolic hypertension versus isolated diastolic hypertension (hazards ratio, 2.11; 95% confidence interval, 1.08-4.13), were independently associated with myocardial infarction. These results suggest that young and middle-aged treated hypertensive individuals with normal pretreatment systolic pressure enjoy a more favorable prognosis than do those with systolic elevation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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          Hypertension (Dallas, Tex. : 1979)
          Sep 1995
          : 26
          : 3
          [1 ] Department of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA.


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