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      Children’s Social Integration and Low Perception of Negative Relationships as Protectors Against Bullying and Cyberbullying

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          Abstract

          The aim was to investigate the factors associated with the diverse bullying forms suffered by a victim (relational, aggressive and cyberbullying) by considering the mediating role of the quality of coexistence in school: social integration and perception about relationships among peers. We evaluated data about 42 schools (79.5% public) in a sample of 3,407 students (47.6% boys and 52.4% girls) from the Primary Education. The mediational analyses indicated that, to predict all the bullying forms, a greater sense of social integration and a perception of low negative relationships were mediators, and social integration was the factor that most strongly correlated with bullying, especially relational bullying. We found that the number of good friends and negative relationships together predicted social integration, and the school type predicted negative relationships and number of good friends. The implications for education programs and policy are discussed.

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          Predictors of bullying and victimization in childhood and adolescence: A meta-analytic investigation.

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            Consequences of bullying victimization in childhood and adolescence: A systematic review and meta-analysis

            AIM To identify health and psychosocial problems associated with bullying victimization and conduct a meta-analysis summarizing the causal evidence. METHODS A systematic review was conducted using PubMed, EMBASE, ERIC and PsycINFO electronic databases up to 28 February 2015. The study included published longitudinal and cross-sectional articles that examined health and psychosocial consequences of bullying victimization. All meta-analyses were based on quality-effects models. Evidence for causality was assessed using Bradford Hill criteria and the grading system developed by the World Cancer Research Fund. RESULTS Out of 317 articles assessed for eligibility, 165 satisfied the predetermined inclusion criteria for meta-analysis. Statistically significant associations were observed between bullying victimization and a wide range of adverse health and psychosocial problems. The evidence was strongest for causal associations between bullying victimization and mental health problems such as depression, anxiety, poor general health and suicidal ideation and behaviours. Probable causal associations existed between bullying victimization and tobacco and illicit drug use. CONCLUSION Strong evidence exists for a causal relationship between bullying victimization, mental health problems and substance use. Evidence also exists for associations between bullying victimization and other adverse health and psychosocial problems, however, there is insufficient evidence to conclude causality. The strong evidence that bullying victimization is causative of mental illness highlights the need for schools to implement effective interventions to address bullying behaviours.
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              A review of research on bullying and peer victimization in school: An ecological system analysis

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Front Psychol
                Front Psychol
                Front. Psychol.
                Frontiers in Psychology
                Frontiers Media S.A.
                1664-1078
                22 March 2019
                2019
                : 10
                : 643
                Affiliations
                [1] 1Facultad de Ciencias Humanas y de la Educación, Departamento de Psicología y Sociología, Universidad de Zaragoza , Huesca, Spain
                [2] 2Facultad de Educación, Departamento de Psicología y Sociología, Universidad de Zaragoza , Zaragoza, Spain
                [3] 3Facultad de Educación, Departamento de Ciencias de la Educación, Universidad de Zaragoza , Zaragoza, Spain
                Author notes

                Edited by: Rita Zukauskiene, Mykolas Romeris University, Lithuania

                Reviewed by: Olga Gómez-Ortiz, Universidad de Córdoba, Spain; Marta Soler-Gallart, University of Barcelona, Spain

                *Correspondence: Nieves Moyano, nmoyano@ 123456unizar.es

                This article was submitted to Educational Psychology, a section of the journal Frontiers in Psychology

                Article
                10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00643
                6440379
                a60b76e3-d551-4906-983d-7ac3441a9567
                Copyright © 2019 Moyano, Ayllón, Antoñanzas and Cano.

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

                History
                : 13 December 2018
                : 07 March 2019
                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 2, Equations: 0, References: 66, Pages: 9, Words: 0
                Categories
                Psychology
                Original Research

                Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry
                coexistence,bullying,cyberbullying,social integration,negative relationships

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