The exact number of patients with chronic renal failure requiring renal replacement therapy in developing world is not known. Unlike the developed world, most developing countries lack renal registries. This study was initiated to know demographic and clinical data of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients presenting to maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) at a government funded tertiary care centre in a developing country. A prospective analysis of all new ESRD patients attending to hemodialysis at our centre from 2004 to 2007 had been done. There were 237 new hemodialysis patients during a three-year period. Males were 153 and females were 84, with the mean age 44.92 years. Diabetes mellitus (31.22%) was the most common cause of ESRD. Only 29.95% of patients had education on renal replacement therapy. 65.40% patients had emergency hemodialysis. Internal jugular catheter was the most common form of vascular access at initiation of hemodialysis. Arteriovenous fistula was secured in 29.95% of patients at presentation. Catheter-related infection appeared in 13.55% of patients on catheter. The most common infection in dialysis patients was urinary tract infection (37.14%). Renal transplantation was opted by 9.7% patients and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis in 20.25% and 103 (43.45%) were lost to follow up. The rest (8.86%) continued on MHD. There were 42 (17.72%) deaths over a three-year period. The present study provided the information of the practice of hemodialysis, its population characteristics and outcomes from a developing country.