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      Immobilization Stress Rapidly and Differentially Modulates BDNF and TrkB mRNA Expression in the Pituitary Gland of Adult Male Rats

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          Abstract

          Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a neurotrophin involved in neuronal survival and plasticity that binds to high-affinity receptors named TrkB. In the central nervous system, brain insults, including stress, induce modifications in BDNF messenger RNA (mRNA) expression. The present study attempted to determine in the adult rat pituitary, a peripheral structure relevant for the stress response: (1) whether BDNF and TrkB mRNA expression is influenced by different durations (15, 30, 60, 180 and 300 min) of single immobilization stress; (2) the expression of BDNF transcripts containing the different exons and their possible variations after stress exposure. Plasma corticotropin (ACTH) and corticosterone concentrations were strongly and significantly increased as early as 5 min after the stress stimulus. Using RNAse protection assay and in situ hybridization, a rapid increase in BDNF mRNA occurred at 15 min. This was accompanied by an increase in BDNF protein at 60 min, and by a rapid and significant decrease in TrkB mRNA expression observed at 15 and 30 min after stress application. RT-PCR analysis of BNDF transcripts showed strong basal expression of exons III and IV, whereas transcripts containing exons I and II seemed weakly expressed. After stress application, transcripts containing exons III and IV were rapidly and significantly increased at 30 min, whereas transcripts containing exons I and II remained unchanged. These results show that pituitary BDNF transcripts expression is differentially affected by immobilization stress.

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          Most cited references 9

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          Single-step method of RNA isolation by acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform extraction.

          A new method of total RNA isolation by a single extraction with an acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform mixture is described. The method provides a pure preparation of undegraded RNA in high yield and can be completed within 4 h. It is particularly useful for processing large numbers of samples and for isolation of RNA from minute quantities of cells or tissue samples.
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              Neurotrophins and brain insults.

              Epileptic, hypoglycaemic, ischaemic and traumatic insults to the brain induce marked changes of gene expression for the neurotrophins, nerve growth factor, brain-derived neurotrophic factor and neurotrophin-3, and their high-affinity receptors, TrkB and TrkC, in cortical and hippocampal neurones. Release of glutamate and influx of Ca2+ are the most important triggering factors. The major hypotheses for the functional effects of the insult-induced neurotrophin changes are protection against neuronal damage and stimulation of sprouting and synaptic reorganization. More insight into the regulation and role of the neurotrophins after brain insults should increase our understanding of pathophysiological mechanisms in, for example, epileptogenesis and cell death, and could lead to new therapeutic strategies.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEN
                Neuroendocrinology
                10.1159/issn.0028-3835
                Neuroendocrinology
                S. Karger AG
                0028-3835
                1423-0194
                2001
                September 2001
                30 August 2001
                : 74
                : 3
                : 148-159
                Affiliations
                Laboratoire de Plasticité Cérébrale, UMR 5102 CNRS, Université de Montpellier 2, Montpellier, France
                Article
                54681 Neuroendocrinology 2001;74:148–159
                10.1159/000054681
                11528216
                © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 7, References: 48, Pages: 12
                Categories
                Stress, Corticotropin and Neuroimmune Interactions

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