Introduction. We describe a case of acute cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection complicated by acquired antiphospholipid antibodies and splenic thrombi. We discuss the associations between CMV infection and thrombosis risk and correlation with antiphospolipid antibodies.
Case presentation. A previously healthy 32-year-old woman is hospitalized for acute abdominal pain and fever and found to have multiple splenic infarcts on an abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan. An infectious work-up is negative except for acute CMV, and a hypercoagulable work-up is only positive for antiphospholipid antibodies. The patient is discharged and placed on anti-coagulation therapy for 6 months.
Conclusion. Co-incident thrombosis and antiphospholipid antibody syndrome can occur with acute viral infections, including CMV. We discuss the viral infection-associated increased risk of developing blood clots and antiphospholipid antibodies as being either correlative with or causative of viral-induced thrombosis.