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      Scintigraphic Evaluation of Left Ventricular Function and Correlation with Autonomic Cardiac Neuropathy in Diabetic Patients

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          Abstract

          Left ventricular function of 20 diabetic patients was investigated at rest and during hand-grip test using radionuclide ventriculography. The aim of the study was to discuss the correlation of cardiac function with autonomic cardiac neuropathy (ACN) in diabetic subjects. ACN was tested using heart rate response to valsalva maneuver, standing up, deep breathing; blood pressure response to standing up, sustained hand-grip, and additionally corrected QT(QTc) measurements. Plasma glucose regulation was screened with fructosamine levels. Ejection fraction (EF), peak ejection (PER) and filling rates (PFR), times to peak ejection (TPE) and filling (TPF), time to endsystole (TES), TES/T, TPE/T, TPF/T, 1/3 PER, 1/3 PFR, 1/3 EF, 1/3 FF (filling fraction) we calculated. Thirteen patients had ACN. Six patients (30%) had a low EF at rest. As a response to hand-grip, 14 patients (70%) showed a decrease in EF (9 ACN). PFR was low in 10 patients (50%) at rest and in 12(60%) during hand-grip. The mean rest PER value of ACN+ patients (4.4 ± 1.3) was significantly higher than that of controls (2.9 ± 0.5) and patients without ACN (3.4 ± 0.4; p < 0.05) as well as the mean 1/3 PER value (1.7 ± 0.5 vs. 1.3 ± 0.5; p < 0.05). Fourteen patients (70%) had a fall in PER 10 ACN) as a response to hand-grip. The mean TES/T value of patients with ACN (0.44 ± 0.05) was significantly higher than of those without ACN (0.38 ± 0.05; p < 0.05). In conclusion, diastolic dysfunction was detected frequently at rest. Systolic parameters were markedly impaired as a response to handgrip in patients with ACN. Sympathetic overactivity was noted in ACN+ group at rest. Our results indicated that the patients with diabetes and ACN have subclinical left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and symphatic overactivity.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1992
          1992
          14 November 2008
          : 81
          : 1
          : 14-24
          Affiliations
          aHacettepe University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nuclear Medicine, and bEndocrinology Division of Internal Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
          Article
          175771 Cardiology 1992;81:14–24
          10.1159/000175771
          1335838
          © 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 11
          Categories
          General Cardiology

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