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      Influência da competição intra-específica entre fêmeas e da ausência de hospedeiro no parasitismo de Telenomus remus Nixon (Hymenoptera, Scelionidae) sobre ovos de Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) Translated title: Influence of females intraspecific competition and lack of host on Telenomus remus Nixon (Hymenoptera, Scelionidae) parasitism on Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) eggs

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          Abstract

          A competição intraespecífica e a ausência de hospedeiros podem comprometer o sucesso de programas de controle biológico. Assim, este trabalho objetivou avaliar o efeito de diferentes densidades de fêmeas (1, 3, 6 e 9 fêmeas/ 100 ovos) e da ausência de hospedeiro no parasitismo de Telenomus remus Nixon (Hymenoptera, Scelionidae) em ovos de Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). Observou-se aumento no parasitismo de ovos de S. frugiperda por T. remus a partir da densidade 3 fêmeas/ 100 ovos tanto em condições de laboratório (18%) quanto em campo (32%), embora o parasitismo causado por densidades maiores que 1 fêmea/100 ovos não foi significativamente diferente. Todavia, isso não causou superparasitismo. Por outro lado, o número de fêmeas produzidas na progênie diminuiu (39%) com a maior densidade de fêmeas sob condições de laboratório. Contudo, não verificou-se diferença significativa sob condições de campo. Mesmo após 9 dias de ausência de hospedeiro não houve redução nos índices de parasitismo, permanecendo em torno de 95 ovos parasitados/fêmea/dia. Todavia, no décimo dia pode-se observar redução (40%) no número médio de ovos parasitados. Desse modo, a liberação de três fêmeas por 100 ovos é adequada para se obter elevados níveis de parasitismo.

          Translated abstract

          Intraspecific competition and lack of host can affect the success of biological control programs. Thus, this work aimed at evaluating the effect of different densities of females (1, 3, 6, and 9 females/100 eggs) and the absence of host in the parasitism of Telenomus remus Nixon (Hymenoptera, Scelionidae) on Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) eggs. It was observed an increase in egg parasitism of S. frugiperda by T. remus beyond a density of 3 females/ 100 eggs under laboratory (18%) and field (32%) conditions, although the parasitism caused by densities greater than 1 female/100 eggs was not significantly different. However, this did not cause superparasitism. On the other hand, the number of females in the progeny was lower (39%) as density of females increased, but it was not observed in field conditions. Even after nine days of host absence there was no significant reduction in the parasitism which was ca. 95 eggs/female/day. However, a decrease in the number of parasitized eggs (40%) could be observed on the 10th day. Therefore, the release of three females per 100-egg mass is adequate for high levels of parasitism.

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          Most cited references 28

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                rbent
                Revista Brasileira de Entomologia
                Rev. Bras. entomol.
                Sociedade Brasileira De Entomologia (São Paulo )
                1806-9665
                2009
                : 53
                : 3
                : 482-486
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade Estadual Paulista Brazil
                [2 ] Embrapa Milho e Sorgo Brazil
                Article
                S0085-56262009000300026
                10.1590/S0085-56262009000300026
                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                ENTOMOLOGY

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