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      Common ECG Changes in Athletes

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          Abstract

          The various ECG changes found in a group of 3,000 healthy athletes are discussed on the basis of eight representative ECG recordings. The common findings were sinus bradycardia, atrioventricular conduction disturbances, left and right ventricular hypertrophy according to the accepted voltage criteria, right axis deviation, intraventricular conduction disturbances (mainly in the right side of the heart), and various disturbances of the repolarization phase. The literature on this subject is reviewed, and the possible mechanisms involved in production of the various ECG changes are discussed. It is pointed out that in the absence of other evidence suggestive of cardiovascular disease, these changes should be considered as a normal variant and not lead to restriction of physical activity.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1976
          1976
          29 October 2008
          : 61
          : 4
          : 267-278
          Affiliations
          Wingate Institute for Physical and Sports Education; Cardiac Evaluation and Rehabilitation Institute, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Aviv University Medical School, and Heller Institute of Medical Research, Tel Hashomer
          Article
          169770 Cardiology 1976;61:267–278
          10.1159/000169770
          138482
          © 1976 S. Karger AG, Basel

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          Page count
          Pages: 12
          Categories
          Original Paper

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