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      Commentary on: Are we overpathologizing everyday life? A tenable blueprint for behavioral addiction research : Defining and classifying non-substance or behavioral addictions

      1 , *

      Journal of Behavioral Addictions

      Akadémiai Kiadó

      Internet use, gaming, gambling, food, addictions, classification

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          Multiple controversies exist currently in the field of behavioral addictions. The opinion article by Billieux, Schimmenti, Khazaal, Maurage and Heeren (2015) proposes an approach to considering which behaviors might be considered as foci for addictions. The article raises multiple important points that foster further dialog and highlight the need for additional research. Given that how specific behaviors are considered from diagnostic and classification perspectives holds significant public health implications, targeting and eliminating current knowledge gaps relating to behavioral addictions is an important undertaking.

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          Most cited references 10

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          Matching Alcoholism Treatments to Client Heterogeneity: Project MATCH posttreatment drinking outcomes.

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            Are we overpathologizing everyday life? A tenable blueprint for behavioral addiction research

            Background Behavioral addiction research has been particularly flourishing over the last two decades. However, recent publications have suggested that nearly all daily life activities might lead to a genuine addiction. Methods and aim In this article, we discuss how the use of atheoretical and confirmatory research approaches may result in the identification of an unlimited list of “new” behavioral addictions. Results Both methodological and theoretical shortcomings of these studies were discussed. Conclusions We suggested that studies overpathologizing daily life activities are likely to prompt a dismissive appraisal of behavioral addiction research. Consequently, we proposed several roadmaps for future research in the field, centrally highlighting the need for longer tenable behavioral addiction research that shifts from a mere criteria-based approach toward an approach focusing on the psychological processes involved.
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              Should addictive disorders include non-substance-related conditions?

               Marc Potenza (2006)
              In anticipation of the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V), to consider whether addictive disorders should include non-substance use disorders. The author reviewed data and provided perspective to explore whether disorders such as pathological gambling (PG) should be grouped together with substance dependence, given that they share many features. PG and substance dependence currently reside in the DSM, fourth edition, text revision (DSM-IV-TR) within separate categories, with PG classified as an impulse control disorder (ICD) and substance dependence as a substance use disorder (SUD). Arguments can be forwarded to support each categorization, as well as to justify their inclusion together as addictions. The current state of knowledge suggests that there exist substantial similarities between PG and SUDs. Further research is indicated prior to categorizing PG and other ICDs together with SUDs.

                Author and article information

                J Behav Addict
                J Behav Addict
                Journal of Behavioral Addictions
                Akadémiai Kiadó
                September 2015
                29 September 2015
                : 4
                : 3
                : 139-141
                [1 ]Departments of Psychiatry, Neurobiology, and Child Study Center and CASAColumbia, Yale University School of Medicine , New Haven, CT, USA
                Author notes
                * Corresponding address: Marc N. Potenza, MD, PhD; CMHC, 34 Park Street, SAC Room S-104, New Haven, CT 06519 USA; Phone: +1-203-974-7356; Fax: +1-203-974-7366; E-mail: marc.potenza@
                © 2015 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium for non-commercial purposes, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, References: 13, Pages: 3
                This work was supported in part by the NIH (R01 DA035058, P20 DA027840), the Connecticut State Department of Mental Health and Addictions Services, CASAColumbia, and the Yale Gambling Center of Research Excellence grant from the National Center for Responsible Gaming. The NIH, the Connecticut State Department of Mental Health and Addictions Services, CASAColumbia, and the National Center for Responsible Gaming had no role in the drafting of the manuscript or the decision to submit the paper for publication.

                classification, addictions, food, gambling, gaming, internet use


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