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      Congestive Heart Failure in Patients with Valvular Aortic Stenosis

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          Abstract

          The aim of this study was to evaluate echographically anatomic and functional features of the left ventricle in adult patients with valvular aortic stenosis according to the presence or absence of congestive heart failure and the level of ventricular performance. Fifty-six adult patients with moderate-to-severe aortic stenosis underwent echocardiographic Doppler examination in order to evaluate left ventricular mass and dimensions, systolic function and filling dynamics. Twenty-seven patients had no heart failure and were symptomatic for angina (5), syncope (4) or were symptom-free (group I); the other 29 had heart failure (group II): 16 with normal left ventricular systolic performance (fractional shortening > 25%, group IIa) and 13 with systolic dysfunction (fractional shortening ≤ 25%, group IIb). Despite a similar left ventricular mass, compared to group IIa, group IIb showed a significant left ventricular dilatation (end-diastolic diameter: 61 ± 6.5 vs. 45.5 ± 6.1 mm, p < 0.001) and mild or no increase in wall thickness (11.5 ± 1.6 vs. 14.9 ± 2 mm, p < 0.001). Indices of left ventricular filling on Doppler transmitral flow were also significantly different between the two groups, with a higher early-to-late filling ratio and a shorter deceleration time of early filling in group IIb (2.8 ± 1.9 vs. 1.2 ± 0.85, p < 0.01, and 122 ± 66 vs. 190 ± 87 ms, p < 0.05, respectively), both indirectly indicating higher left atrial pressure. Finally, heart failure was generally more severe in group IIb patients. In some patients with aortic stenosis, symptoms of heart failure may be present despite a normal left ventricular systolic function and seem to depend on abnormalities of diastolic function. The presence of systolic or isolated diastolic dysfunction appears to be related to a different geometric adaptation of the left ventricle to chronic pressure overload.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1995
          1995
          18 November 2008
          : 86
          : 2
          : 120-129
          Affiliations
          Divisione di Cardiologia, Ospedale S. Orsola-Fatebenefratelli, Brescia, Italia
          Article
          176853 Cardiology 1995;86:120–129
          10.1159/000176853
          7728801
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 10
          Categories
          General Cardiology

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