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      The Decline of the Aorist Infinitive in Ancient Greek Declarative Infinitive Clauses

      research-article
      Journal of Greek Linguistics
      Brill
      infinitive, aorist, perfect, aspect, tense

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          Abstract

          It seems established that infinitives used in declarative infinitive clauses (DeclarInfCl) convey relative temporality in Classical Greek, with the aorist infinitive referring to anteriority, the present infinitive to simultaneity, and the future infinitive to posteriority. In Hellenistic/Roman Greek and in Early Byzantine Greek, by comparison, DeclarInfCl do not display the same variety of infinitive forms. These periods appear to avoid the aorist infinitive while manifesting a very common use of perfect infinitives and stative present infinitives in DeclarInfCl. These tendencies stand in a complex relation to other developments in the post-Classical period. This paper accounts for what appears to be the decline of the aorist infinitive in DeclarInfCl, claiming that this phenomenon is most likely related to the perfect infinitive adopting the function of conveying anteriority in DeclarInfCl.

          Most cited references1

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          From resultatives to anteriors in Ancient Greek On the role of paradigmaticity in semantic change

          Dag Haug (2008)
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            Author and article information

            Contributors
            Journal
            15699846
            Journal of Greek Linguistics
            JGL
            Brill (The Netherlands )
            1566-5844
            1569-9846
            2016
            : 16
            : 2
            : 266-311
            Affiliations
            University of Ljubljana jerneja.kavcic@ 123456ff.uni-lj.si
            Article
            10.1163/15699846-01602004
            a7649c28-3754-49a5-b403-9ed038a200ac

            This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

            History

            General linguistics,Linguistics & Semiotics,Languages of Europe,Theoretical frameworks and disciplines
            infinitive,aspect,tense,aorist,perfect

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